Overview of Lung Cancer Treatment India

 

Lung cancer is the abnormal multiplication of cells in the lungs. It is the most common type of cancer of all the cancers in the world. The two main types of lung cancer are non-small cell lung cancer which is most common approximately 75-80%. And the other type is small cell lung cancer that counts 10-15% of lung cancers. It can also spread to other organs in later stages of the disease. Lung cancer after treatment can be cured. In some cases, it comes back which is known as recurrent cancer and sometimes the other unrelated cancer occurs anywhere in the body which is called second cancer. It could be any organ in the body. However, during and after treatment, risk factor prevention will be the great strategy to avoid complications after. Smoking is the major risk factor and usually present in 85% of the diagnosed cases. Active smokers are at risk alongside passive smokers. Although smoking is the major risk factor, only 11% of heavy smokers develop lung cancer. In India, 6.9% are lung cancers among all the other cancers. Smoking cessation and understanding the genetics for nicotine addiction can lead to good prognosis.

Types of Lung Cancer Treatment India

 

Types of lung cancer treatment:

Various treatments for the lung cancer are as follows:

  • Chemotherapy

  • Immunotherapy

  • Radiation therapy

  • Radiofrequency ablation technique

  • Target therapy

  • Surgery


 

  1. Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy is a form of cancer treatment that includes drugs taken orally or through blood stream, that kills the cancer cells. Although chemotherapy is sometimes not suggested for serious cases.

The most common drugs for chemotherapy include:

  • Cisplatin Carboplatin

  • Paclitaxel

  • Gemcitabine

  • Docetaxel

 

  1. Immunotherapy:

Immunotherapy is the use of drugs that kill cancer cells by using the body's defense mechanism. Some of the drugs used in this treatment are:

  • Nivolumab

  • Pembrolizumab

  • cemiplimab 


 

  1. Radiation therapy:

 

High-energy x-rays are used in radiation treatment to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used, depending on the cancer stage and other issues. There are two main types:

  • External beam radiation therapy

  • Internal radiation therapy known as brachytherapy


 

  1. Radiofrequency ablation technique:

Some persons with tiny lung tumors that are close to the edge of the lungs may be suitable for radiofrequency ablation (RFA), especially if they are unable to undergo surgery. High-energy radio waves are used in RFA to heat the tumor. a small, needle-like probe is inserted through the skin, which moves to the tip of the tumor.  Once the tip is in position, the probe is charged electrically, heating the tumor and killing cancer cells.

  1. Targeted drug therapy:

The cancer cells require the formation of new blood vessels for the growth of tumor. These drugs block those vessel formation and kill cancer cells. specific medications that stop the development of new blood vessels:

  • Ramucirumab

  • Bevacizumab

  1. Surgery:

Some surgical procedures used in the lung cancer treatment are:

  • Lobectomy: The entire lobe that contains the tumor(s) is removed during this surgery.

  • Segmentectomy: These procedures just remove a portion of a lobe. 

  • Pneumonectomy: In this procedure, the entire lung is removed. it will be suitable If the tumor is close to the center of the chest.

  • sleeve resection: This procedure has been applied to treat some tumors in the lungs which have spread to the large airways.

Symptoms associated with lung cancer:

  • cough without any obvious reason

  • pain while breathing and coughing

  • chest infections

  • chest pain/ shoulder pain

  • change in voice

  • wheeze sound in breathing

  • difficulty in swallowing

  • inflammation 

  • abnormality in fingers appearance

  • weight loss

  • fatigue

  • breathlessness

  • fever

  • paleness

  • visible swelling

  • headache

  • pain in joints/bone

Risk factors for lung cancer:

 

  1. Smoking:

Smoking is the major risk for lung cancer. In recent studies, it happens to cause about 80% of lung cancer deaths. Smokers have a much higher chance of getting lung cancer than those who do not smoke.

  1. Passive smoking:

Tobacco smoke from the environment, and inhaling the smoke from other peoples’ smoking can raise the risk of lung cancer. The third most common cause of lung cancer is passive smoke.

  1. Occupational factors:

Some cancer-causing substances found in particular occupations that may raise the chance of getting lung cancer. These substances are the major risk to lung cancer. These include:

  • radioactive minerals

  •  uranium.

  • Arsenic, 

  • Silica

  • vinyl chloride

  • coal products

  • mustard gas

  • chloromethyl ethers

  • Diesel 

  • asbestos

  1. Family history:

A positive family history is the strong association to lung cancer. The person suffering from lung cancer can pass the disease to offspring and siblings.

  1. Air pollution:

It suggests that air pollution increases the chance of lung cancer. The risk is between 1% and 2%, which is far less than the risk caused by smoking. But still there is a positive correlation between them.

  1. Diet:

Some dietary products like beta-carotene increase the risk of lung cancer. Beta carotene supplements have shown a positive correlation to lung cancer. It is suggested that those who smoke shouldn't take beta-carotene supplements.

Diagnosis for lung cancer:

  • X-ray:

chest x-ray is used as the first examination to look for any abnormal lung tissue. there may be the need of more testing if anything rare appears.

  • CT-scan:

According to standard chest x-rays, a CT scan has a greater chance of detecting lung tumors. Also, it can find out if sputum has cancer cells. A sample of the mucus from your lungs is tested in a laboratory and detects the cancer cells.

  • Biopsy:

It uses a syringe with a hollow, very thin needle for taking out cells and small tissue parts. In order to check for cancer in the lymph nodes and the lungs, a FNA biopsy may be performed.

  • Bronchoscopy:

It is the procedure in which the tumors in large airways of the lungs can be detected by using advanced technology. 

  • Pulmonary function tests:

After lung cancer is diagnosed, lung function tests (PFTs) are used to find out how well your lungs are functioning. This is important if surgery is more likely to treat the tumor.

Diagnosis of Lung Cancer Treatment India

Symptoms and Risk factors

Costs of treatment for lung cancer in India:

In India, the cost of the treatment options is between 4838 USD and 14515 USD. However, the stage, or severity of the condition, as well as the treatment option will determine the amount of treatment costs in India. Cancer specialists often treat cancers with chemotherapy and radiation if they are found in the early stages. Depending on the body adjustments to the treatment, the recommended number of chemotherapy and radiation treatments may change. The price range of treatment for lung cancer in India is described here:

Cost of different procedures for lung cancer treatment in India:

Chemotherapy: Each cycle of chemotherapy costs between 157.25 USD and 242.5 USD.

Radiation therapy: Costs for radiation therapy range from 811 USD  to 4233 USD.

Resection: Resection of Lung Tumors: it ranges from 4567 USD to 8068 USD.

Pneumonectomy: it may be up to 120 USD -6042 USD.

Surgery: in India, the price of a lung operation can range from 423.38 USD to 14515 USD.


 

Best doctors for Lung cancer treatment in India:

  1. Dr. Nandkishore Kapadia, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital.

  2. Dr. P V Naresh Kuma, Apollo Hospitals.

  3. Dr. T S Bala Shanmugam, Gleneagles Global Hospital.

  4. Dr. Venkata Sampath V, Apollo Hospitals

  5. Dr. Pravin Kahale, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital.



 

Best hospitals for Lung cancer treatment in India:

  1. Max  Healthcare Saket Hospital

  2. kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

  3. Apollo Hospitals, Delhi

  4. Apollo Hospital, Chennai

  5. Gleneagles Global Hospital, Chennai

Top Hospitals for Lung Cancer in India

Shaping the future of the healthcare institution and establishing the path to accomplishment.

Burjeel Medical Hospital City Abu Dhabi,UAE

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Gleneagles Global Health City Perumbakkam , Chennai,India

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Manipal Hospital, Mysore Bengaluru,India

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Manipal Hospital, Pune Pune,India

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Manipal Hospital Ghaziabad Ghaziabad,India

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Top Doctors for Lung Cancer in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. Babu K Abraham

Department of Pulmonology

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Dr Ilangho R P

Department of Pulmonology

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Dr. T. Raja

Department of Oncology

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Dr. Amit Bhargava

Department of Medical Oncology & Oncology

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Dr. Mandar Nadkarni

Department of Surgical Oncology

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Treatment Costs for Lung Cancer

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Lung Cancer - Frequently Asked Questions

A new persistent cough that worsens and if the patient coughs out blood can be an early sign of lung cancer.

The 5-year survival rate for all people with all types of lung cancer is 19%.

Lung cancer takes over a period of a year to form the tumor that can be detected in an imaging test. After that it can progress from stage 1 to stage 4 in the short period of 6 months.

Most people detected with lung cancer are 65 years of age or older. These people have been smokers or exposed to radon.

The five-year survival rate for lung cancer is 56 percent for cases detected when the disease is still localized (within the lungs). However, only 16 percent of lung cancer cases are diagnosed at an early stage.