Overview of Lymphoma Treatment

Lymphoma is a medical condition in which cancer begins in cells of the lymph system. There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Hodgkin’s disease is also known as Hodgkin’s lymphoma because white blood cells that are affected in this disease are called lymphocytes. In this disease, specific types of white blood cells in the body grow more than the amount without any control which is also abnormal in functioning. When white blood cells are abnormal, they cannot take part in the defense system and fail to fight against the harmful substances present in the body. But in Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, old white blood cells do not die and there is rapid production of new white blood cells also. It can lead to overcrowding of white blood cells in the body. Without normal white blood cells, the body is unable to fight against germs and becomes very weak. Symptoms of the disease can vary from patient to patient according to the level and extent of the disease. It also has some risk factors that increase the chances of developing lymphoma and should be avoided to prevent the disease but it can also occur in people with no risk factor. The advanced techniques used in the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma can help to diagnose the disease in early stages and to cure the disease completely. The treatment used for the disease depends on the type of lymphoma. A combination of treatments can also be used to treat complex cases of lymphomas.

Types of Lymphoma Treatment

Some of the treatment used for lymphoma are as follow:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Watchful waiting
  • Experimental treatment

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy medications are used for the treatment of lymphoma. These medications usually kill the cancer cells by limiting their growth. The chemotherapy treatment can also be used in combination with other treatments. 

Radiation Therapy 

In Radiation therapy, X-rays are used to destroy the cancer cells which are high energy radiations. It is often used when lymphoma is in the early stage of the disease. It can also be used to shrink the tumors before other treatments.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy drugs help the body’s natural defense system to fight against cancer cells. These medicines can help in recognizing and attacking the abnormal cancer cells in the body.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy medications kill tumor cells by interfering with specific molecules involved in cancer cell growth. They are often used for certain types of lymphomas such as those with specific genetic mutations. 

Stem Cell Transplant

In some cases, when lymphoma is in the last stage of the disease, a stem cell transplant may be performed to treat patients. In this treatment, damaged bone marrow is replaced with healthy stem cells. Stem cells form new blood cells and cure the disease.

Watchful Waiting

Sometimes, for slow-growing or low-risk Lymphomas, a doctor may recommend a watchful waiting approach. In this, doctors closely monitor the cancer cells and their behavior without any treatment.

Experimental treatment

Some patients participate in some new experimental treatments. It involves especially those patients with advanced lymphoma or that which is difficult to treat. This can help in testing new treatments and therapies.

Diagnosis of Lymphoma Treatment

Lymphomas can be diagnosed with any of the following methods:

Blood Tests

Blood tests are performed to check any abnormality in the blood cells. They can also detect the abnormal increase in white blood cells.

Imaging Studies

Sometimes imaging tests are also performed to check any abnormality of the structures. Common imaging methods may include:

Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: This provides detailed pictures of the body and structures involved in the disease.

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan: PET scans can help to detect areas of increased activity due to the abnormal division of cancer cells.

X-rays: X-rays may be used to examine specific areas.

Biopsy

A biopsy is a diagnostic procedure that can confirm the disease. It involves the removal of a small sample of tissue from the affected area. There are different types of biopsies:

Excisional Biopsy: This biopsy test involves the complete removal of an enlarged lymph node or other affected tissue.

Needle Biopsy: In this type of biopsy, a needle is used to extract a small tissue sample.

Lymph Node Examination

The biopsy sample is sent to a laboratory where it is examined by a technician. This examination provides information about the presence of lymphoma or another condition.

Cost of Lymphoma Treatment in India

The cost of lymphoma treatment in India ranges from 1000 USD to 11,000 USD. The cost can vary according to the type of lymphoma and treatment used for an individual patient. The cost can also vary according to the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Hodgkin Lymphoma 1066 USD 1412 USD
Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma 3730 USD 4973 USD
Stem Cell Treatment 7992 USD 10656 USD

 

Symptoms & Risk Factors of Lymphoma Treatment

Some of the symptoms of lymphoma are as follows:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Fever
  • Persistent cough or chest pain
  • Abdominal pain or swelling
  • Feeling full after eating a small amount of meal
  • Itchy skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent infections
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Bone pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Headaches
  • Skin rash
  • Neurological symptoms, such as confusion
  • Irritation
  • Lack of concentration
  • Increase susceptibility to sickness

Risk Factors of Lymphomas:

Some of the risk factors of lymphomas are:

Age

Lymphoma disease is most commonly present in young adults of age from 15 years to 35 years or it is present in old age people with age greater than 55 years.

Gender

The lymphomas are mostly present in the male population so the male gender is at risk of developing the disease.

Family History

People who have close family members with the disease lymphomas are at greater risk of developing the same disease at any stage of their life.

Viral Infection

Some specific types of infections, especially viral infections, are associated with the development of lymphomas.

Weakened Immune System

People who have low immunity or have compromised immunity due to some disease or the use of medications are at risk of developing lymphomas.

Exposure to Certain Chemicals

Exposure to some harmful chemicals for a long time can increase the risk of lymphoma.

Radiation Exposure

People who are exposed to high-energy radiation due to occupational reasons or others are at risk of developing cancer including lymphomas.

Obesity

Some studies suggest a possible link between obesity and an increased risk of lymphoma disease.

Top Hospitals for Lymphoma Treatment in India

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Medicana Sivas Hospital Sivas,Turkey

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Dehradun Dehradun,India

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Burjeel Medical Hospital City Abu Dhabi,UAE

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Manipal Hospital, Mysore Bengaluru,India

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Manipal Hospital, Pune Pune,India

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Top Doctors for Lymphoma Treatment in India

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Dr. Suresh H Advani

Department of Medical Oncology

Sr Consultant

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Dr. Sameer A. Tulpule

Department of Bone Marrow Transplant, Medical Oncology & Hematology

Consultant

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Dr. Santanu Sen

Department of Transplant

Consultant

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Dr. Kapil Vidyarthi

Department of Radiology & Pediatrics

Senior Consultant

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Dr. Deepak Charles

Department of Oncology

Consultant

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Treatment Costs for Lymphoma in India

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FAQ's of Lymphoma Treatment in India

Lymphoma unlike more deadly cancers is treatable even in the later stages and often curable.

While the cause of lymphoma is not known in most cases, Non-Hodgkins lymphoma is causes by mutation in the DNA type of white blood cells called lymphocytes.

In some cases, with chemotherapy combined with other steroid medications, lymphoma is treatable. Surgery is also often recommended to remove the tumors. Overall, with treatment both Hodgkins and non-Hodgkins lymphoma can be eventually cured.

The growth of lymphoma can happen over years without showing any symptoms. After 5 to 10 years of having lymphoma, disorders begin to progress rapidly and medical attention becomes unavoidable.

Most people who are detected with non-Hodgkins lymphoma are 60 years or above. In case of Hodgkins lymphoma men are more prone to the disease while in case of non-Hodgkins lymphoma women are more likely to get it then men.