Overview of Angiography Treatment India

Angiography is a diagnostic tool to see the clear picture of blood vessels. In angiography, X-rays are used to check the blood vessels. In normal x-ray, blood vessels are not visible clearly so angiography is a special type of procedure that is specifically used to see inside the blood vessels. In angiography procedure, a special kind of color dye is used to inject blood vessels to make them more visible. Then the highlighted blood vessels can be clearly seen on angiography procedure. Angiography is used to diagnose the diseases that specifically affect the blood vessels and is not clearly seen in any other diagnostic tool or test. It is helpful in making treatment plans for such types of diseases and managing them in time. Although angiography is a very safe procedure to be performed, it still carries some risks and complications along with it. Sometimes it can lead to more serious complications if the procedure is not performed with skill. Angiography has many types that are named according to the area in which it is being performed. Apart from x-rays, angiography can also be done with other scans like MRI and CT Scan and then they are termed as MRI angiography and CT angiography respectively. Angiography for the eyes is a different type of procedure and is not like the angiography of other parts of the body.

Types of Angiography Treatment India

Some of the types of angiography are as follows:

  • Cerebral Angiography (Brain Angiography)
  • Coronary Angiography (Cardiac Catheterization)
  • Peripheral Angiography
  • Pulmonary Angiography
  • Renal Angiography
  • Abdominal Angiography (Visceral Angiography)
  • Aortography
  • Specialized Angiography for Specific Areas
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Venography

Cerebral Angiography (Brain Angiography)

This type of angiography is used to check the blood vessels in the brain. The diseases which involve the blood vessels of the brain are usually diagnosed with this type of angiography. 

Coronary Angiography (Cardiac Catheterization) 

This type of angiography is used to examine the blood vessels that supply the muscles of the heart. Any blockage of these blood vessels can be detected by using coronary angiography.

Peripheral Angiography

This type of angiography focuses on blood vessels in the arms and legs. This procedure detects diseases in the arteries of arms and legs like blood clotting or obstructions of blood vessels.

Pulmonary Angiography

Pulmonary angiography I used to observe blood vessels in the lung. It is effective in diagnosing conditions like blood clots blocking the artery or assessing blood flow in the lungs.

Renal Angiography

This angiography concentrates on kidney blood vessels. This method evaluates kidney health, and blood circulation, and detects issues like narrowing of the arteries of the kidney.

Abdominal Angiography (Visceral Angiography)

This technique examines blood vessels within the abdomen, including those supplying the liver, spleen, and other organs.

Aortography

The aorta is the primary artery originating from the heart. The examination of the aorta is known as aortography. It helps in diagnosing aortic swelling and other conditions related to aorta.

Venography

This technique checks the veins instead of the arteries. It often helps in diagnosing problems like blood clots in the deep veins of legs or twisted veins due to damage to their walls.

Procedure of Angiography

Here is a general overview of the procedure of angiography:

Anesthesia: the patient is administered anesthesia at the part where the catheter is inserted to limit the feeling of pain and discomfort.

Catheter Insertion: A small, thin tube is gently placed into a blood vessel, usually in the wrist, or arm of the patient.

Contrast Dye: A special dye is injected through the catheter. This dye helps the blood vessels show up clearly on X-ray images.

X-ray Pictures: X-ray images are taken as the dye moves through the blood vessels of the patient. 

Monitoring: The heart rate and blood pressure are watched closely during the procedure. And if there is any major change, then it should be managed in time.

Catheter Removal: Once the images of blood vessels are taken, the catheter is gently removed. 

Review and Diagnosis: The X-ray images are used to diagnose the disease of the blood vessels of a patient, if present.

Cost of Angiography in India

The cost of angiography in India ranges from 200 USD to 3500 USD. The cost can vary according to the type of blood vessels involved in the procedure. For example, the cost of angiography of the heart and brain is more expensive than the angiography of the legs and arms.

Treatment Cost in India Min in USD Max in USD
Angiography 159 USD 213 USD
Coronary Angioplasty 2131 USD 2841 USD
Coronary Artery Surgery 2664 USD 3552 USD
Cerebral Angioplasty 2397 USD 3196 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Indications of Angiography

Some of the indications of angiography are as follows:

  • Brain vessel abnormalities
  • Heart artery disease
  • Limb artery conditions
  • Lung vessel issues
  • Kidney blood flow problems
  • Abdominal organ vessel evaluation
  • Aortic disorders
  • Retinal vessel abnormalities
  • Vein-related complications
  • Bile duct disorders
  • Heart muscle blood flow assessment
  • Intestinal vessel concerns
  • Spinal cord vessel issues
  • Joint blood supply evaluation
  • Pelvic region vessel problems
  • Portal vein abnormalities
  • Cerebrovascular system disorders
  • Detailed vascular imaging
  • Lymphatic vessel conditions

Risk Factors of Angiography

Some of the risk factors associated with angiography are as follows:

Allergic Reactions

Some of the patients have allergic reactions to the dye used in the procedure of angiography. They may experience some mild to moderate skin reactions.

Nephropathy

In some cases, the contrast dye that is used in angiography can affect kidney function. It is more common in people with already existing kidney problems.

Bleeding or Hematoma

There is a risk of bleeding or collection of blood outside blood vessels at the site where the catheter was inserted. The excess bleeding may require a blood transfusion.

Infection

There is a risk of infection at the insertion site. The infection can spread to the whole body and may complicate the condition of the patient.

Blood Vessel Damage

In some cases, the catheter insertion can damage blood vessels which can lead to severe complications.

Brain or Heart Attack

In some cases, there can be a risk of brain or heart attack, especially in individuals with underlying heart or vascular conditions of the brain.

Dislodgement of Blood Clots

The checking of blood vessels during the procedure can dislodge the blood clots within the blood vessels. The blood clots can travel to other parts of the body and create complications.

Arrhythmias

Some individuals may experience irregular heart rhythms during or after the procedure. This can disturb the function of the heart and can change the blood supply to the body.

Organ Perforation

In rare cases, if angiography is performed with poor skills, the catheter may puncture an organ and it can lead to life-threatening conditions.

Top Hospitals for Angiography in India

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Burjeel Hospital for Advanced Surgery Dubai,UAE

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Artemis Hospital Gurgaon Gurgaon,India

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VPS Lakeshore Hospital Kochi Kochi,India

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Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Mumbai Central,India

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Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute Mumbai,India

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Top Doctors for Angiography in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. Ashok Seth

Department of Cardiology

Chairman at Fortis Escort Heart Institute

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Dr Sushant Srivastava Cardiovascular Surgeon

Department of Cardiology

Senior Director

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Dr. L.F. Sridhar

Department of Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

Consultant

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Dr. Pankaj Batra

Department of Cardiology

Consultant

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Dr. Sanjay Kumar

Department of Cardiac Sciences

Consultant

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Treatment Costs for Angiography

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Angiography Treatment in India

Unlike a normal X-ray test, a coronary angiography can be a little uncomfortable due to the insertion of the catheter. However, during the procedure the patient is given sedatives to numb the pain.

An angiography is done to find out if the blood flow is stopped due to any blocked artery or veins in the body.

An angiogram is a little serious than a normal or external X-ray test. It is done to find out of there are any disorders relating to arteries or veins in the body.

>An angiogram is merely a test. It is not used to clear the blockages, however, if the test diagnoses a blockage an angioplasty along with the insertion of a stent is done to clear the blockages.

While angiography is just a test to find out if the body has a blocked artery or vein, an angioplasty is done to clear these clogged arteries if found in the test.

In most cases, the patient can be release on the same day after they are fully rested and well enough to travel back home.

Yes, angiography can be done more than once to find out if there are any blockages to the arteries.

While an angiogram itself has no effect on the kidneys, the contrast dye used during the procedure can be harmful to the kidneys. Which is why, it is imperative that the patient flushes out the dye after the procedure, by drinking plenty of water.