Overview of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment

Cervical spine surgery is performed on the vertebrae of the neck region. When the nerve compresses between vertebrae and the spinal cord goes under compression, cervical spine surgery is performed to decompress the spinal cord and resolve the symptoms occurring due to nerve compression. The cervical spine surgery is performed to provide stability.

The cost of Cervical Spine Surgery in India ranges from ₹ 3,05,000 to ₹ 4,08,000. The complete cost of cervical spine surgery in India is based on the type of disease present in the cervical spine and the suitable treatment according to the unique presentation of each patient.
 

Types of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment

There are several types of cervical spine surgery, depending on the specific condition of the patient. Here are some common procedures:

  • Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF)
  • Cervical Disc Replacement
  • Posterior Cervical Decompression
  • Foraminotomy
  • Laminectomy

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

This procedure involves the release of pressure on the spinal cord and the associated nerves which is caused by the disc herniation or other cervical vertebrae deformities. In this technique, the damaged part of the disc or bone is removed and then fusion of the vertebrae is performed by using some implants or bone grafts.

Cervical Disc Replacement

In this, the herniated or damaged part of the disc between two vertebrae is removed and replaced by an artificial disc which removes the symptoms and also allows greater mobility at the cervical region.

Posterior Cervical Decompression

This procedure is performed by using the approach of the back side to release or decompress the spinal cord and nerves. The removal of abnormal bone allows the greater space for nerves that were previously impinged due to presence of abnormal bone or spinal stenosis.

Foraminotomy

The procedure involves the widening of the spaces or foramina by which the nerve roots are passing. It relieves the pressure on the nerve and ultimately eliminates the symptoms.

Laminectomy

Lamina is the arch of bone. Laminectomy involves the removal of the arch of bone which is the main cause of abnormal symptoms. By performing this procedure, the pain and numbness alleviates.

Procedure of Cervical Spine Surgery

Here is a general outline of the procedure for cervical spine surgery:

Incision under anesthesia: after the pre-operative preparation, the surgeon gives the anesthesia to the patient either as a whole or to a specific part under procedure. An incision is made either from the front or back to access the vertebrae of the cervical spine.

Accessing the spine: the surgeon carefully moves some muscles and removes the bone or disc of cervical spine to access the target.

Decompression: This involves removing portions of bone, herniated disc material, or thickened tissues that are compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots. 

Fusion (optional): In some cases, spinal fusion may be necessary to provide stability and prevent abnormal movement between the vertebrae. The surgeon may use bone grafts, metal implants, or rods to fuse the affected vertebrae which allows limited movement and provide stability.

Closure: the surgeon closes the incision and applies medications to prevent any infection.

Post-operative care: the medications to prevent pain, blood thinners are given to the patient. Physical therapy is an essential part of the care for maximum recovery.

Cost of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment in India

Cost of Cervical Spine Surgery in India

The cost of cervical spine surgery in India is ₹ 3,05,000 to ₹ 4,08,000. This may vary according to the type of procedure performed and the skills of the surgeon. It also depends on the facilities of the hospital at which it is performed. Different procedures have different costs which are described below:

Cost of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment in India

Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment Cost in India Min in INR Max in INR
Cervical Spine Surgery ₹ 3,10,000 ₹ 4,15,000
Spine Decompression Surgery ₹ 1,95,000 ₹ 2,61,000
Anterior Cervical Discectomy ₹ 2,35,000 ₹ 3,15,000
Cervical Corpectomy ₹ 2,70,000 ₹ 3,65,000
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) ₹ 1,72,000 ₹ 2,31,000
Anterior Cervical Corpectomy Spine Surgery ₹ 3,95,000 ₹ 5,28,000
Anterior Cervical Corpectomy Spine Surgery ₹ 3,95,000 ₹ 5,28,000

 

Cost of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment in Different Cities of India 

Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment Cost in Cities of India Min in INR Max in INR
New Delhi ₹ 2,58,000 ₹ 4,05,000
Gurgaon ₹ 2,65,000 ₹ 3,95,000
Noida ₹ 2,48,000 ₹ 4,15,000
Chennai ₹ 2,65,000 ₹ 3,82,000
Mumbai ₹ 2,71,000 ₹ 4,05,000
Bangalore ₹ 2,58,000 ₹ 3,92,000
Kolkata ₹ 2,48,000 ₹ 3,75,000

 

Symptoms & Risk Factors of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment

Here are some of the conditions that may require cervical spine surgery:

  • Cervical radiculopathy
  • Cervical myelopathy
  • Cervical disc herniation
  • Cervical spinal stenosis
  • Cervical instability
  • Cervical fractures or dislocations
  • Cervical tumors or infections requiring surgical intervention
  • Cervical deformities
  • Failed non-surgical treatments for cervical spine conditions
  • Severe neck pain or neurological symptoms affecting daily function and quality of life.

Risk Factors of Cervical Spine Surgery

Here are some common risk factors associated with cervical spine surgery:

Infection

There is a risk of developing an infection at any open surgery. So the proper medications to prevent infection are essential.

Bleeding

There is a risk of excessive bleeding or hematoma formation. In rare cases, blood loss is so extensive that there may require blood transfusions.

Nerve Injury

The cervical spine contains important nerves and there is a risk of nerve injury that can lead to weakness, numbness, pain, or even paralysis. 

Pain and Discomfort

After cervical spine surgery, it is common to experience pain and discomfort. This can be managed with pain killers.

Anesthesia Risks

The use of anesthesia carries certain risks, such as allergic reactions, breathing problems, or adverse effects on the heart. 

Blood Clots

Surgery increases the risk of developing blood clots in the legs or lungs. Proper care is required otherwise it can also lead to death.

Non-Union or Pseudo Arthrosis

This means the bones do not heal and fuse together properly, resulting in continued instability and symptoms. And this may require another surgery.

Segment Degeneration

Following cervical spine surgery, stress on surrounding spinal segments can increase, which can lead to overuse injury or tear, known as segment degeneration. This can cause new symptoms and may need new surgery to manage the problem.

Top Hospitals for Cervical Spine Surgery in India

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Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute Mumbai,India

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Fortis Escorts Hospital, Amritsar Amritsar,India

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Columbia Asia Hospital – Palam Vihar Gurugram,India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital, Bathinda Bathinda,India

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Sharda Hospital Noida,India

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Jaypee Hospitals, Noida, Uttar Pradesh India

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Top Doctors for Cervical Spine Surgery in India

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Dr. Hitesh Garg Spine Surgeon

Department of Spine Disorder

Senior Consultant

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Dr. Puneet Girdhar

Department of Spine

Principal

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Dr. Firas.M.Husban

Department of Orthopedics

Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon Specialized in Spine Surgery

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Dr. Imtiaz Ghani

Department of Spine & Orthopedics

Consultant

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Dr. Barani Rathinavelu

Department of Orthopedics

Consultant

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Treatment Costs for Cervical Spine Surgery

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FAQ's of Cervical Spine Surgery Treatment in India

The patient will feel pain in the surgical site in the neck as well as the hip area, in case of an autograft for at least 2 weeks post-surgery. However, they are administered pain medications to manage it.

The best way to sleep after a neck surgery is to sleep on the back with a pillow placed under the knees.

A patient is allowed to drive only after the instruction of the doctor which can happen after 10 to 14 days.

While it is best not to use a pillow under the head after a neck surgery, there are some special cervical pillows that the patient can use only on recommendation from the consulting doctors.

Patients should not move their neck forward and back for at least for 2 weeks post-surgery. To limit the movements, they are instructed to wear a neck brace.

Between 93 to 100% of people who have had neck surgery for pain have reported relief from pain.