Overview of Chemotherapy Treatment India

Chemotherapy is a type of treatment used to deal with cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs kill the cancer cells by damaging them or by limiting their growth. Chemotherapy can be taken by mouth or by an injection. In both ways, chemotherapy enters the blood and causes its effects on tumor cells anywhere in the body. The type of chemotherapy drugs used mostly depends upon the type of cancer for which the chemotherapy has been chosen or the stage of cancer. It can also be used before the other treatments like radiotherapy, to shrink the size of tumor and after the treatment to kill the cancer cells that are remaining. Chemotherapy treatment is the best option for the cancers that have also spread widely in other parts of the body. Despite the fact that chemotherapy is an effective treatment, it can also cause adverse effects on the body. But advanced treatment has made it possible to lower these side effects and increase the efficacy of the drugs to kill cancer cells. There are so many health care systems throughout the world which work on the facilities, cancer centers,  providing the specialized consultants and hospitals for the cancer treatment management including chemotherapy.

Types of Chemotherapy Treatment India

There are many different types of chemotherapy, which are classified according to the mechanism of action or the type of drug being used. Some common types of chemotherapy are:

  • Alkylating agents
  • Antimetabolites
  • Anthracyclines
  • Topoisomerase inhibitors
  • Mitotic inhibitors
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Target drug therapy

Alkylating Agents

These drugs damage the DNA of cancer cells which helps in preventing them from growing. These drugs damage the main source which functions the cancer cells. Some examples are:

  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cisplatin
  • busulfan

Antimetabolites

These drugs interfere with the DNA or RNA synthesis in cancer cells which prevents the making of proteins important for the growth of cancer cells. In this way these drugs limit their growth. Some of the examples are:

  • Methotrexate
  • 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • gemcitabine.

Anthracyclines

These drugs inhibit DNA and RNA synthesis and also destroy the structure of DNA. Some of the examples are as follow:

  • Doxorubicin
  • Daunorubicin
  • Epirubicin.

Topoisomerase Inhibitors 

These drugs block the enzymes called topoisomerases, which helps in the normal synthesis of DNA strands during cell division. The lack of topoisomerase enzyme causes the breakdown of DNA in those cancer cells and ultimately kills them. Some examples are as follow:

  • Etoposide
  • Topotecan
  • Irinotecan

Mitotic Inhibitors

These drugs block the process of mitosis, a process of cell division, by affecting the infrastructure, which are involved in partition of the chromosomes. Some examples are:

  • Paclitaxel
  • Docetaxel
  • vinblastine.

Hormone Therapy

This type of chemotherapy involves the use of drugs that block the production of hormones or block the receptors by which the hormone performs their action. Some of the examples are:

  • Tamoxifen
  • Letrozole
  • Bicalutamide

Immunotherapy

These drugs prepare the body’s natural defense to fight against the cancer cells. Some of the examples are:

  • interleukin-2 (IL-2)
  • interferon-alpha
  • pembrolizumab.

Target Drug Therapies

These drugs kill specific molecules that are involved in cancer growth and survival. They block the formation of blood vessels in tumors and cause their death. Some of the examples are:

  • tyrosine kinase inhibitors
  • monoclonal antibodies
  • proteasome inhibitors

Diagnosis of Chemotherapy Treatment India

Cost of Chemotherapy in India

The cost of chemotherapy in India depends on various factors, such as the type of cancer, the stage of cancer, the type of drugs used, the duration of treatment, the hospital’s facilities and also the city. The minimum to maximum amount required for the chemotherapy in India are as follow:
In India, the starting price for Chemotherapy is a minimum of 45 USD.
The average price for Chemotherapy in India amounts to 98 USD.
The maximum cost for Chemotherapy in India can go up to 606 USD.

Cost of Chemotherapy in different cities of India: 

Following are the costs of chemotherapy in different cities in India. The cost mentioned below is usually one session of chemotherapy. 

Treatment Cities in India Min in USD Max in USD
Bangalore 48 USD 600 USD
Delhi 48 USD 540 USD
Mumbai 36 USD 600  USD
Gurgaon 48 USD 600  USD
Chennai 48 USD 540 USD
Hyderabad 48 USD 480 USD
Pune 49 USD 485 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of almost all types of cancers present in the human body. Chemotherapy is a highly effective treatment for cancer treatment. The cancers forms in the human body for which the chemotherapy treatment used are as follow:

  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Head and neck cancers (e.g., throat cancer, tongue cancer)
  • Brain tumors
  • Bone cancer
  • Leukemia 
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Wilms tumor 
  • Retinoblastoma 
  • Ewing sarcoma 

Risk Factors of Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a widely used treatment for cancer, but it can also cause some serious risks and side effects. Here are some of the common risk factors that are associated with chemotherapy:

Damage to Healthy Cells

Chemotherapy drugs can affect normal, healthy cells alongside cancer cells. This can lead to a range of side effects, including nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hair loss, mouth sores, changes in appetite, and an increased chance of getting an infection.

Decrease Immunity

Chemotherapy can affect the bone marrow's ability to make new white blood cells, which are important to fight against an infection. This can damage the body’s defense mechanism and increase the risk of any disease.

Allergic Reactions

Some individuals may have allergic reactions to chemotherapy drugs, which can range from mild to severe. Symptoms may include rash, itching, breathlessness, swelling, or low blood pressure.

Organ Damage

Many chemotherapy drugs can cause damage to specific organs, such as the heart, liver, kidneys, or lungs. The risk of organ damage depends on the type of drugs used.

Infertility

Chemotherapy can affect the reproductive system that can cause infertility which is a decreased ability to conceive. The risk of infertility depends on many factors such as age, the type of drug, and the dose of drug.
 

Top Hospitals for Chemotherapy in India

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VPS Lakeshore Hospital Kochi Kochi,India

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Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Mumbai Central,India

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Yashoda Hospitals Hyderabad,India

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Fortis S L Raheja Hospital Mahim, Mumbai,India

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PSRI Hospital New Delhi,India

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Jaypee Hospitals, Noida, Uttar Pradesh India

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Top Doctors for Chemotherapy in India

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Dr. T. Raja

Department of Oncology

Consultant

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Dr. Amit Bhargava

Department of Medical Oncology & Oncology

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Dr. (Col.) R. Ranga Rao

Department of Surgical Oncology

Chairman

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Dr. Jyoti Bhat

Department of Gastroenterology & Surgical Oncology

Consultant

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Dr. Ajay Vyas

Department of Medical Oncology

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Treatment Costs for Chemotherapy

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How it's Works

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Chemotherapy - Frequently Asked Questions

Chemotherapy is often recommended to treat Metastatic cancer which is considered stage IV.

Chemotherapy may have painful-side effects such as burning, numbness and tingling or shooting pains in the hands and feet, as well as mouth sores, headaches, muscle and stomach pain.

In a number of cases chemotherapy has successfully cured cancer. However, it can't cure the cancers on its own but it can help in combination with other types of treatment like surgery and other medications.

The doses and course of chemotherapy will entirely depend on the progression of the cancerous cell in the patients body and the doctors recommendation.

>Yes, chemotherapy can have adverse effects on skin and teeth.