Overview of Cochlear Implants Treatment India

A cochlear implant is a type of device that assists in hearing. Cochlear implants are for people who have hearing. People who do not benefit from the hearing aid usually go for cochlear implants which is the only option for them to hear properly. The sounds from the cochlear implants are not the same as the natural sounds. So the brain finds it difficult to understand the signals from the cochlear implants as a form of sound. The people who undergo the procedure of cochlear implants usually take 3-6 months to understand the meaning of sounds that cochlear implants make. Cochlear implants can be used for single or both ears according to the needs of the patient. The adults mostly use single ear cochlear implants and may need cochlear implants in both ears in advanced stages of disease when both ears undergo hearing loss. Children with bilateral hearing loss need cochlear implants in both ears. Adults who belong to any age group or children more than 12 months can benefit from cochlear implants. Risks are rare in the procedure of cochlear implants and complications occur only in rare cases. The cochlear implant procedure makes communication easier and improves overall quality of life in those people who are severely suffering from hearing loss. 

Types of Cochlear Implants Treatment India

There are some types of cochlear implants that are used according to the needs of the patient and type of hearing loss. These are:

  • Single-Channel Cochlear Implants
  • Multi-Channel Cochlear Implants
  • Hybrid Cochlear Implants
  • Fully Implantable Cochlear Implants

Single-Channel Cochlear Implants

These early versions of implants have a single electrode that stimulates the nerve that sends signals of hearing. They provide a limited number of channels for sound perception, resulting in comparatively lower sound quality and speech understanding.

Multi-Channel Cochlear Implants

This is the most common type in use today. These implants have multiple electrodes that stimulate different regions of the cochlea. They offer more precise stimulation, better representation of sound frequencies, and improved speech understanding.

Hybrid Cochlear Implants

The hybrid cochlear implants function as both the cochlear implant technology and the hearing aids. Hybrid implants are for those people who can hear in the low-frequency range but have a severe hearing loss in the high range of frequency. 

Fully Implantable Cochlear Implants

These implants have all the components that can be implanted under the skin and it eliminates the need for an external speech detector. The fully implantable cochlear implants have the advantage of convenience and are also cosmetically favorable.

Procedure of Cochlear Implants

The general overview of cochlear implant procedure described below:

Candidacy Assessment: The initial step involves the evaluation by an audiologist and an ENT specialist to determine if you are the right person to go for a cochlear implant. This evaluation assesses your hearing loss, speech understanding, and overall health.

Anesthesia: anesthesia is given to reduce the irritation and pain during the procedure.

Surgical Implantation: The surgeon will make an incision behind the ear and will create a small hole in the bone and carefully insert an electrode into the cochlea. The receiver-stimulator unit, containing the electronics, will be secured in a hollow behind the ear and connected to the electrode array.

Wound Closure: After the implant placement, the incision will be closed using sutures or surgical glue, and a dressing will be applied.

Activation: Several weeks after the surgery, the cochlear implant will be activated. An audiologist will program the device to meet the specific hearing needs of the patient. It will take some time in learning to interpret the new sounds and speech patterns provided by the cochlear implant. 

Diagnosis of Cochlear Implants Treatment India

Cost of Cochlear Implants in India

The cost of Cochlear Implant in India starts from $13000. It may increase according to the condition of the patient. The patients who need bilateral cochlear implants may have even more cost. 

Minimum to Maximum Cost of Cochlear Implants in India

The minimum cost for a Cochlear Implant in India starts from approximately USD $790.
The average price of a Cochlear Implant in India is around USD $5,160.
The maximum amount to be paid for a Cochlear Implant in India can go up to approximately USD $10,480.

Cost of Cochlear Implant in major cities of India

Treatment Cities in India Min in USD Max in USD
Bangalore 790 USD 2660 USD
Delhi 1080 USD 3600 USD
Mumbai 1680 USD 10480 USD
Gurgaon 790 USD 2660 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Indications of Cochlear Implants

The conditions in which the cochlear implants may prove beneficial are:

  • Severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss.
  • Inadequate benefit from hearing aids.
  • Non-functional or absent cochlea.
  • Bilateral severe to profound hearing loss.
  • Children with severe hearing loss.

Risk Factors of Cochlear Implants

There are some risks of cochlear implants which are described below:

Surgical Risks

Like any surgical procedure, cochlear implants also carry a small chance of complications such as infection, bleeding, or adverse reactions to anesthesia.

Device-related Risks

There is a possibility of complications related to the implant device itself, including device failure, displacement, or damage, which may require additional surgical procedure.

Impact on Residual Hearing

Although the surgeons always try to preserve any remaining natural hearing, there is still a risk of partial or complete hearing loss in the ear which was previously not affected.

Facial Nerve Injury

Cochlear implant procedure involves the risk of damage to the facial nerve which is present in the area around the ear. The damage to the facial nerve can lead to weakness or even paralysis of the facial muscles.

Tinnitus or Dizziness

Some individuals may suffer from the feeling of ringing in the ears or dizziness after the surgery. However, there is a possibility of disappearing these symptoms over time.

Meningitis

Meningitis is the infection of the layers around the brain. Due to close proximity, there are chances of developing infection at the surgical site first which can spread to the brain. Medications should be used to prevent this infection otherwise it can be a life threatening condition.

Top Hospitals for Cochlear Implants in India

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Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai Mumbai Central,India

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Fortis Hospital Ludhiana Ludhiana,India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Dehradun Dehradun,India

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Burjeel Medical Hospital City Abu Dhabi,UAE

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Manipal Hospital, Sarjapur Road Bengaluru,India

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Jaypee Hospitals, Noida, Uttar Pradesh India

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital New Delhi

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Metro Hospital Faridabad,India,

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Top Doctors for Cochlear Implants in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr Ashok Vaid

Department of ENT & Medical Oncology

Medical Oncologist

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Dr. Sreeram P

Department of ENT

Consultant

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Dr. Vineeth Viswam

Department of ENT

Senior Consultant

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Dr. W.V.B.S. Ramalingam

Department of ENT

Senior Director

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Dr. Neha Sood

Department of ENT

Sr

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Treatment Costs for Cochlear Implants

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Cochlear Implants - Frequently Asked Questions

A minimum time period for which the cochlear implants work well is 6 to 12 months. The quality of sound continues to change while the brain adapts to using the implant and understands the signals provided by the implant. Thus, the sound quality will progressively improve for the first 6 to 12 months. Nevertheless, cochlear implants are ideally supposed to work for a lifetime unless there is an unexpected device failure or technical glitches.

A hearing aid comprises a microphone, an amplifier, and a speaker and does not have electrodes in it. The mechanism of action in the case of a hearing aid is just to amplify the sound from the environment to enable the person to hear it better. Also, unlike cochlear implants, hearing aids are not surgically placed. They are either worn inside or behind the ear.

In most cases, yes. However, it is crucial to get permission from your surgeon who will ensure that there are no surgical complications. Usually, the patients can resume air travel within 1-2 weeks after the procedure.

Cochlear implants are generally of the following types, they are Bone-to-Bone implants, which are placed into the bones outside the ears, Implant-to-Middle ear implants, which are placed inside the ear and Implant-to-Inferior ossicles, in which the inner ear is removed to place the implants inside the ears.

Ordinarily, you are required to visit your doctor 3-4 times in the first month after the surgery. This is meant specifically for rehabilitation and programming to help you adapt to the new sounds transmitted by the cochlear implant. After these appointments, you are supposed to visit every 3-6 months, as recommended by your surgeon during the first two years, and then on annual basis.

It is not advised to wear the device while sleeping as it can cause damage. You should take it off before going to bed. Set an alarm if you live alone to remind you.

The good news is that nearly 99% of cochlear implants are successful. According to research, only 0.2 % of cases witness rejection by the recipient, and 0.5 % of the cases might need reimplantation.

It is recommended to do troubleshooting if you have backup equipment at home by following the manual instructions provided along with the device packaging. If this is not possible, you can contact the manufacturer or visit their website. The team can guide you over the call. Lastly, you can consult your audiologist and visit him if needed.