Overview of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Maxillofacial Treatment India

Maxillo is derived from a Latin word that means jawbone. The full term maxillofacial means jawbones and the face, and maxillofacial surgery is a field of medicine specializing in treating conditions in this area through surgical procedures. Maxillofacial is a reconstructive surgical procedure of oral cavity, face, head, and neck, facial trauma surgery, jaws, mouth, and facial cosmetic surgery. If there is an issue in jaws, teeth, bones, or face tissues that causes pain, one must visit an oral and maxillofacial surgery specialist. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are specialists with extensive training in dental medicine. An oral surgeon may not be able to perform surgical or advanced procedures, however, there is no such dental surgery that a maxillofacial surgeon cannot perform. Maxillofacial specialists can perform dental implants, tooth extractions, gum surgery, and more.

Types of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Maxillofacial Treatment India

Preoperative Evaluation

Before surgery, the surgeon may order several tests, including:

01. Mouth X-ray - It is a type of radiation called electromagnetic waves used to create pictures of the inside of the mouth.

02. Panorex - A type of X-ray that provides a full view of teeth, upper and lower jaws, and sinuses.

03. Computed Tomography (CT Scan) - It uses rotating x-ray and computers to create three-dimensional images of the surgical site.

04. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI Scan) - This imaging technique is used to get a clear image of soft tissues

05. Duplex Ultrasound - The doctor will recommend this test to evaluate blood flow through veins and arteries

06. Nerve Conduction Studies Test (NCS) - This test is done to detect areas of nerve damage muscles of the face

Maxillofacial Surgery Procedures

There are several types of oral and maxillofacial surgeries and common surgical treatments include:

01. Orthognathic Surgery - Orthognathic means straight jaw and its surgery involves both orthodontics and oral and maxillofacial surgery. To get a straight jaw, an osteotomy is performed. Osteotomy involves cutting parts of the jaw into fragments of bone that can be removed and repositioned to get the desired shape. This procedure is performed when a patient has difficulty in eating or biting, speech abnormality, facial deformity and poor dental discrepancies.

02. Craniofacial Surgery - This surgery is performed on affected hard and soft tissue in the face and head. Below given are the few conditions which are treated by craniofacial surgery:

03. Craniosynostoses - It is a birth defect in which joints between the bones of a baby's skull close prematurely.

04. Craniofacial Dysostosis Syndromes - It is a collection of conditions such as abnormality of the skull, face and limbs. The main problem is coronal sutures are fused in the skull, which changes its shape to tall or wide.

05. Encephalocele - It is a rare birth defect in which neural tube do not close completely during pregnancy and causes a pouch-like protrusion from the brain.

06. Craniofacial Clefts - It is a large group of face and cranium defects, including cleft palate and lip. Cleft lip and palate are congenital defects that happen during pregnancy and are caused when a baby's lips do not grow properly. The surgery to repair this issue is performed when a child is between 6 and 12 months old. All these conditions develop in children under the age of 2. This is major surgery with significant blood loss.

07. Dentoalveolar Surgery - There are several problems with gum, teeth, jawbone, and other soft tissue of the mouth that require this treatment. This procedure is performed to treat:

7.1. Cysts in the jaw

7.2. Removal of a decayed or fractured tooth

7.3. Removal of wisdom or canine teeth

7.4. Tooth transplantation to fill a gap created by a lost tooth

08. Facial Aesthetics - This surgery is also performed to improve facial aesthetics, including:

8.1. Rhinoplasty to reshape the nose

8.2. Genioplasty to treat chin deformity

8.3. Pinnaplasty to treat bat ears

8.4. Jaw joint problems

Temporomandibular joint problems are categorized into two groups - first, the anatomy is normal but the function is not and the second type is where anatomy is abnormal but function may not be normal. For the first category, conservative measures such as diet plan, exercise, or medicines are taken. However, the second category may require surgical treatment. The surgeries performed to treat this problem are usually complex.

Diagnosis of Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Maxillofacial Treatment India

Maxillofacial Purpose

Maxillofacial surgery is an advanced form of oral surgery performed by a maxillofacial surgeon. This type of surgery is performed to treat:

01. Abnormality of the nasal cavity

02. Face trauma

03. Abnormal growth in head, neck or mouth

04. Difficult tooth extractions

05. Cleft palate or lip

06. Abnormality in biting

07. Facial pain

08. Bone-fused dental implant

Symptoms and Risk factors

Maxillofacial Recovery

After maxillofacial surgery, the doctor will provide recovery instructions, including what to eat, oral hygiene, and more. The total recovery time is about 6-12 weeks. A patient can resume work or school within 3 weeks. However, some more points to speed up the recovery process are:

01. Avoid tobacco

02. Avoid vigorous activity

03. Take timely pain medications

04. Follow the recommended dietary plan

Top Doctors for Maxillofacial in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. Rajeev Arora

Department of Dental


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Dr. Rishi Khosa

Department of Cosmetic Surgery & Dental


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Dr. Satish M S

Department of Dental


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Dr. Satish M S

Department of Dental


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Dr. Sunil S Shroff

Department of Dental


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Maxillofacial - Frequently Asked Questions

Maxillofacial surgery is performed to treat problems affecting the jaws, mouth, neck and face.

Maxillofacial surgeons are the most skilled and specialist dentists who are trained and certified to perform complex surgery on jawbones, teeth, and the face.

Maxillofacial surgeons perform bone grafting, dental implant surgery, wisdom tooth removal, corrective or straight jaw surgery, and facial cosmetic surgery.

Oral maxillofacial surgeons are oral surgeons who have undergone advanced training to perform complex dental surgeries and procedures in different areas of the face. On the other hand, oral surgeons are limited to treat conditions within the mouth only.

The time to perform surgery depends on the type of procedure to be performed. However, most of the maxillofacial surgery procedures take 1 to 2 hours. Surgery, where multiple procedures are required, may take 2 to 5 hours.