Overview of Haemorrhoids Treatment India

Hemorrhoids are a condition in which the blood vessels in the bottom or inside the anus become enlarged due to swelling. It is also known as piles. In many of the cases, hemorrhoids do not cause any symptoms and people are not aware of this condition. But piles can also cause symptoms in many people. Hemorrhoids can be treated with simple medications. However, in severe cases, it may need surgery to manage the symptoms of piles. The exact cause of hemorrhoids is not very clear but it is often associated with increased pressure on the blood vessels of the anus. Constipation is also linked with increased pressure in that area so it can also be one of the reasons for hemorrhoids. So by changing some lifestyle and habits, the condition of hemorrhoids can be prevented. Hemorrhoids or piles can severely affect the life quality of patients if the symptoms are too visible. In such cases, surgical treatment is performed to treat the piles. The doctor can examine the area and make the diagnosis according to the findings but it is always recommended to consult with a specialist for the confirmed diagnosis of piles.

Types of Haemorrhoids Treatment India

There are many types of treatments for piles that are used according to the condition or need of a patient. These are:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Topical creams
  • Sitz baths
  • Medications
  • Hemorrhoidectomy
  • Ligation and banding
  • Laser coagulation

Lifestyle Changes

Mild cases of piles can often be managed through lifestyle changes. This includes a healthy diet, drinking a good amount of water, and avoiding prolonged sitting. The trees during bowel movements should also be avoided.

Topical Creams

Some of the creams are used to treat the discomfort, pain, and itching in the area. This treatment cannot be used for everyone with piles. 

Sitz Baths

Soaking the anal area in warm water for about 15 minutes two or three times a day can provide relief from symptoms.

Medications

Some medications are used for stool softeners to ease bowel movements and reduce the swelling of hemorrhoids. It can also help reduce pain.

Hemorrhoidectomy

This is the most common procedure of surgery for severe cases of piles. It involves the complete removal of hemorrhoids by using a special type of technique. Hemorrhoidectomy is often used for large hemorrhoids present internally or externally.

Ligation and Banding

Rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure where a small rubber band is placed at the base of a hemorrhoid which cuts off its blood supply. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off within a few days.

Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy (PPH)

This procedure is less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy and is used for hemorrhoids that are inside the anus. It involves stapling the hemorrhoidal tissue to reduce blood flow to the hemorrhoids.

Doppler-Guided Hemorrhoidal Artery Ligation (DG-HAL)

This minimally invasive technique uses a Doppler ultrasound to destroy the arteries that supply blood to the hemorrhoids. It helps in reducing their size.

Laser Coagulation

Laser therapy uses laser energy to heat and shrink the hemorrhoidal tissue. It is often used for smaller hemorrhoids present internally.

Diagnosis of Haemorrhoids Treatment India

Some of the methods of the diagnosis of hemorrhoids are:

Medical History Assessment

The doctor takes the medical history of the patient which includes constipation or dietary habits. The doctor also observes the symptoms of the patient to make a diagnosis of piles.

Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

In some cases, a Digital Rectal Exam may be performed. In this procedure, the doctor inserts two or three fingers with a gloved hand into the rectum to feel for any abnormality or lump.

Proctoscopy or Anoscopy

The healthcare provider might use a thin tube with a camera known as a proctoscope or anoscope to examine the interior of the rectum and the lower part of the colon.

Stool Examination

In cases where the symptom of bleeding in stool is also present, a stool sample may be examined to rule out other conditions that could be responsible for the bleeding.

Cost of Hemorrhoids Treatment in India

The cost of hemorrhoid treatment in India ranges from 532 USD to 710 USD. The cost can vary according to the different types of treatment used for an individual patient. The cost of surgical treatment is more than other treatments.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Stapled Haemorrhoidectomy 532 USD 710 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Some of the symptoms of piles are:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Anal itching
  • Pain or discomfort during bowel movements
  • Swelling around the anus
  • Mucus discharge
  • Sensation of incomplete bowel movement
  • Anal pain or soreness
  • Blood on toilet tissue or in the stool after a bowel movement
  • Fecal leakage
  • Hard or painful lumps near the anus
  • Irritation around the anal area
  • Redness or irritation on the skin around the anus
  • Constipation or difficulty passing stools
  • Feeling a lump or bump inside the rectum or outside the anus

Risk factors of Hemorrhoids or Piles

Some of the risk factors of piles are:

Exerting Pressure During Bowel Movements

Exerting pressure during bowel movements can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids. It is often due to constipation.

Constipation or Diarrhea

Regular and long-term constipation or diarrhea can put additional stress on the blood vessels in the rectal area which can lead to the formation of hemorrhoids.

Pregnancy

The increased pressure on the blood vessels in the pelvic region and hormonal changes during pregnancy can also contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

Excessive Body Weight

Being overweight or obese can exert added pressure on the abdominal and rectal regions which also increases the risk of hemorrhoids.

Advancing Age

The supportive tissues around the anal or rectal area weaken with increasing age. This can increase the risk of piles.

Extended Periods of Sitting or Standing

Occupations or activities that involve prolonged durations of sitting or standing can compromise blood circulation in the rectal area which leads to hemorrhoids.

Frequent and Intense Lifting

Repeatedly engaging in heavy lifting can place stress on the muscles in the abdominal and rectal regions which contributes to the formation of hemorrhoids.

Insufficient Dietary Fiber

A diet that lacks fiber can result in constipation which is a common cause of hemorrhoids. 

Anal Intercourse

Participation in anal intercourse can also increase the risk of hemorrhoids due to the chance of physical trauma and increased pressure on the rectal area.

Treatment Costs for Haemorrhoids

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