Overview of Hodgkins Disease Treatment India

Hodgkin Disease is a type of cancer that occurs in the blood cells which are part of the natural defense system of the body. Hodgkin’s disease is also known as Hodgkin’s lymphoma because white blood cells that are affected in this disease are called lymphocytes. In this disease, specific types of white blood cells in the body grow more than the amount without any control which are also abnormal in functioning. When white blood cells are abnormal, they cannot take part in the defense system and fail to fight against the harmful substances present in the body. For this reason, the immunity of patients is compromised and they can easily catch diseases of various origins. Symptoms of the disease can vary from patient to patient according to the level and extent of the disease. It also has some risk factors that increase the chances of developing Hodgkin’s lymphoma and should be avoided to prevent the disease but it can also occur in people with no risk factor. The advanced techniques used in the diagnosis and treatment of Hodgkin’s lymphoma can help to diagnose the disease in early stages and to cure the disease completely. The treatment used for Hodgkin’s disease depends on the type of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. A combination of treatments can also be used to treat complex cases of Hodgkin’s disease.

Types of Hodgkins Disease Treatment India

Some of the treatments used for Hodgkin’s disease are as follows:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • immunotherapy
  • Target drug therapy
  • Stem Cell Transplant

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a type of treatment in which some of the drugs are used to destroy cancer cells or to limit their growth. Chemotherapy treatment is used according to the condition of each patient and the stage of cancer.

Radiation Therapy

In radiation therapy, high-energy X-rays or other radiations are used which target the cancer cells or tumors and destroy them. It is mostly used in combination with chemotherapy treatment to increase the response of patients.

Stem Cell Transplantation

In some cases, a stem cell transplant may be performed as part of the treatment. This procedure involves the replacement of diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells. This can help to produce normal blood cells from the newly implanted stem cells and reduce the symptoms of patients.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy medications improve the immunity of a patient and help strengthen the body’s natural defense system to fight against cancer cells. It can be used in the early stages of disease.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is used to selectively target specific molecules which are only found in cancer cells. This treatment approach lowers the chances of damage to healthy cells and increases the accuracy to kill cancer cells only.

Surgery

Surgery can be performed to remove the tumors from the body due to the development of Hodgkin’s disease. It can also be performed to diagnose the disease and to examine the tumors.

Diagnosis of Hodgkins Disease Treatment India

Hodgkin’s disease can be diagnosed with any of the following methods:

Blood Tests

Blood tests are performed to check any abnormality in the blood cells. They can also detect the abnormal increase in white blood cells.

Imaging Studies

Sometimes imaging tests are also performed to check any abnormality of the structures. Common imaging methods may include:
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: This provides detailed pictures of the body and structures involved in the disease.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan: PET scans can help to detect areas of increased activity due to the abnormal division of cancer cells.
X-rays: X-rays may be used to examine specific areas.

Biopsy

A biopsy is a diagnostic procedure that can confirm Hodgkin's disease. It involves the removal of a small sample of tissue from the affected area. There are different types of biopsies:
Excisional Biopsy: This biopsy test involves the complete removal of an enlarged lymph node or other affected tissue.
Needle Biopsy: In this type of biopsy, a needle is used to extract a small tissue sample.

Lymph Node Examination

The biopsy sample is sent to a laboratory where it is examined by a technician. This examination provides information about the presence of Hodgkin's lymphoma or another condition.

Cost of Hodgkin’s Disease Treatment in India

The cost of Hodgkin’s disease treatment in India ranges from 1000 USD to 11,000 USD. The cost can vary according to the type of treatment used for an individual patient. The cost can also vary according to the stage of cancer at the time of diagnosis.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Hodgkins Disease Treatment 1066 USD 1421 USD
Stem Cell Transplant 7992 USD 10656 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

The symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease may include the following:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Fever and chills
  • Itchy skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • Persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint pain
  • Bone pain
  • Persistent infections
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • General weakness

Risk Factors of Hodgkin’s Disease

Some of the risk factors of Hodgkin’s disease are:

Age

Hodgkin’s disease is most commonly present in young adults of age from 15 years to 35 years or it is present in old age people with age greater than 55 years.

Gender

Hodgkin's disease is mostly present in the male population so the male gender is at risk of developing the disease.

Family History

People who have close family members with Hodgkin’s disease are at greater risk of developing the same disease at any stage of their life.

Viral Infection

Some specific types of infections, especially the viral infection, are associated with the development of Hodgkin’s disease.

Weakened Immune System

People who have low immunity or have compromised immunity due to some disease or the use of medications are at risk of developing Hodgkin’s disease.

Exposure to Certain Chemicals

Exposure to some harmful chemicals for a long period can increase the risk of Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Radiation Exposure

People who are exposed to high-energy radiation due to occupational reasons or others are at risk of developing cancer including Hodgkin’s disease.

Obesity

Some studies suggest a possible link between obesity and an increased risk of Hodgkin's disease.

Treatment Costs for Hodgkin’s Disease

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FAQ's of Hodgkin’s Disease Treatment in India