Overview of Inguinal Hernia Treatment India

Inguinal hernia is a condition in which the part of the tissue that covers the abdominal cavity bulges out through the weak abdomen muscle along with the inguinal canal. The tissue that protrudes can also be part of the small intestine. Hernia can cause pain during heavy activities and coughing. However, some hernias are asymptomatic and do not cause any pain. The inguinal hernia should be treated soon because it can lead to life-threatening conditions and cannot be improved on its own. There is no definite cause of inguinal hernia but it is said that it can be due to the weakness of the wall of the abdomen. Inguinal hernia is most common in the old age group when muscles become weak due to the signs of aging. Men are at higher risk of developing inguinal hernia. However, inguinal hernia can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and balancing a diet and exercise. Inguinal hernia can cause many complications and also affect the life quality of patients when the symptom of pain restricts most of the activities of daily living. Treatment should be planned according to the condition of the patient and the severity of the symptoms.

Types of Inguinal Hernia Treatment India

Some of the types of treatment for inguinal hernia are as follows:

  • Watchful Waiting
  • Lifestyle Changes
  • Hernia Truss
  • Open Hernia Repair
  • Laparoscopic Hernia Repair

Watchful Waiting

In some cases, doctors might recommend monitoring the hernia without immediate treatment especially when the hernia is small and not causing any symptoms like discomfort and pain. 

Lifestyle Changes

Making certain lifestyle adjustments like avoiding heavy lifting, maintaining a healthy weight, and adopting proper body posture can help in managing the symptoms and prevent the hernia from worsening.

Hernia Truss

A hernia truss is a supportive undergarment that can help to support the hernia in place. However, this treatment is used as a temporary solution and cannot be applied for long-term use.

Surgery

Surgery is the most effective and common treatment for inguinal hernia. There are two main types of techniques for surgery:
Open Hernia Repair: In this traditional approach, a surgeon makes an incision near the hernia pushes the protruding tissue back into their original place, and then treats the weakened abdominal wall with stitches.
Laparoscopic Hernia Repair: This is a minimally invasive procedure that involves making several small incisions and using a laparoscope and specialized instruments to repair the hernia. A mesh is often used to provide additional support for the weak abdominal muscles.

Diagnosis of Inguinal Hernia Treatment India

Some of the techniques used to diagnose the inguinal hernia are described below:

Physical Examination

A healthcare provider will perform a physical examination to look for signs of a hernia. The doctor can make a diagnosis by combining the results of the physical examination and the symptoms of the patient.

Medical History

The medical history of a patient such as any disease that has the symptom of cough or the condition of weak abdominal muscle can help the doctor to make a diagnosis.

Imaging Tests

Ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI are used to see a clear picture of the abdominal area. These tests can provide a clearer view of the hernia and help the healthcare provider determine the most suitable treatment approach.

Clinical Evaluation

The healthcare provider will assess the size, type, and reducibility of the hernia. A reducible hernia can be pushed back into place, while other types of hernia are trapped and cannot be pushed back.

Direct Observation

In certain situations, the healthcare provider might use a specialized light and scope to directly visualize the hernia during the examination.

Physical Maneuvers

The doctor may use specific physical maneuvers to diagnose the hernia. For example, the Valsalva maneuver, where the patient is asked to bear down as if having a bowel movement, can make the hernia more prominent.

Differential Diagnosis

The healthcare provider will also consider other conditions that might mimic hernia symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes or the presence of fluid in the abdomen.

Cost of Inguinal Hernia Treatment in India

The cost of Inguinal treatment in India ranges from 1853 USD to 2486 USD. The cost can vary according to the complexity of the hernia and the structures involved in the hernia. The cost can also vary according to the skill of the surgeon and the facilities of the hospital.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Inguinal Hernia Treatment 1853 USD 2486 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Some of the symptoms of inguinal hernia are as follows:

  • Bulge in the groin area
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Pressure or heaviness
  • Burning or sharp pain
  • Weakness
  • Feeling of pressure
  • Swelling or enlargement
  • Pain during activities
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Groin pain
  • Groin discomfort
  • Groin pressure
  • Groin weakness
  • Groin heaviness
  • Inguinal area discomfort
  • Fever
  • Constipation
  • Loss of appetite

Risk Factors of Inguinal Hernia

Some of the risk factors that are associated with inguinal hernia are as follows:

Advancing Age

The risk of developing an inguinal hernia increases with age. Older people are at more risk of inguinal hernia due to weakness and aging effects.

Gender Difference

Inguinal hernias are more commonly observed in men due to structural differences between men and women. So men have a greater risk of developing inguinal hernia.

Family History

A positive family history of inguinal hernia can increase the risk of developing the disease. It is most commonly present in those who have hernias in the groin area.

Persistent Cough

Some of the diseases of the lungs where the symptom of cough is persistent can also lead to the development of inguinal hernia. The cough can elevate abdominal pressure which can lead to hernia.

Straining Activities

Engaging in frequent heavy lifting, stress during bowel movements, or forceful sneezing can weaken abdominal muscles which can cause hernia formation.

Pregnancy Influence

The increased abdominal pressure during pregnancy increases the vulnerability of women to developing inguinal hernias.

Excess Weight

Obesity or excess weight places extra stress on the abdominal muscles which increases the risk of hernias.

Impact of Smoking

Smoking can compromise the health of connective tissues and muscles in the body. It can increase the risk of hernia development.

Connective Tissue Disorders

Medical conditions that affect connective tissues can also contribute to the development of hernias.

History of Hernias

Patients who have a history of any type of hernia are at greater risk of recurrence of the condition.

Premature Birth

Babies born prematurely are at more risk of inguinal hernias due to the poor growth of abdominal walls and muscles.

Chronic Constipation

The stress on the muscles and abdominal wall associated with long-term constipation can play a role in the formation of hernias.

Specific Medical Conditions

Some of the conditions that lead to increased abdominal pressure, such as accumulation of abdominal fluid can increase the risk of hernias.

Treatment Costs for Inguinal Hernia

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