Complete Details of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

A Knee Replacement Procedure is performed when the normal structure of the knee joint becomes damaged due to injuries or a disease, like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Before surgery, patients complain of severe pain and limited mobility, which affect their daily lives. In this surgery, the damaged knee is replaced with an artificial prosthetic, either completely or partially.

The cost of Knee Replacement Surgery in India ranges from ₹ 3,50,000 to 4,30,000 INR. This procedure is used on individuals with knee joint illnesses such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The cost varies depending on the surgeon's experience, the patient's age, the type of surgery performed, and any further investigative testing. 

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in india

The Knee Replacement Surgery treatment procedure can be performed in various ways. And mostly the type of procedure which is selected is based on the individual’s presentation of the knee deformity. Some of the types are:

Conventional Total Knee Replacement This is the most conventional form of total knee replacement. In this, the damaged bone is removed and cartilage from the thigh bone and shinbone and replaced with artificial implants made of metal and plastic.
Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement In this technique, small incisions are made, and special kinds of tools are used to limit the damage to surrounding muscles and tissues. It is used to reduce postoperative pain and speed up the recovery process as compared to conventional surgery in which large incisions are made.
Computer-Assisted Total Knee Replacement This procedure utilizes computer systems to help the surgeon to perform surgery with greater precision and accuracy. The technology provides real-time feedback, helping ensure optimal alignment and positioning of the prosthetic components.
Patient-Specific Total Knee Replacement This involves creating implants that are specifically designed according to the patient’s joint deformity. It may include the use of preoperative imaging and advanced 3D modeling techniques to design implants that fit the patient's knee joint more accurately.
Gender-Specific Total Knee Replacement Some manufacturers offer implants that are designed specifically to make room for bony differences between male and female knees. These implants consider factors such as bone size, shape, and soft tissue tension.
Partial Knee Replacement This is also known as unicompartmental knee replacement. This procedure involves replacing only the damaged portion of the knee joint. It is suitable for patients with limited joint damage involving only a single compartment, and preserving the healthy bone and surrounding tissues.
Revision Total Knee Replacement This type of surgery is performed when a previously implanted knee replacement fails or is displaced over time. It involves removing the old prosthesis and replacing it with a new one.

Procedure of Total Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

Total knee replacement has some surgical steps described below:

Pre-Operative Assessment In this step, the screening takes place in which the x-rays, blood tests and physical examination is performed to determine the extent of damage in the joint.
Anesthesia The Incision is performed under the effect of anesthesia which numbs the area under surgical procedure. It is used to limit the pain and irritation felt by the patient.
Bone reshaping The Damaged area at the end of thigh bone and the start of shin bone is removed by using a special kind of tool. It is for the accommodation of the new prosthetic knee.
Placement of implant A Metal Cap is placed at the end of thigh bone and the metal plate at the start of shin bone, and sometimes a plastic spacer is used for the smooth movement in the joint.
Realignment of joints The Surgeon assesses the stability of the implants that can allow the movement. It is necessary for balance and optimal joint function.
Post-operative care After the closure of incision, medications are used to prevent pain, infection and reduce the chances of blood clots. It is necessary to speed up the recovery process after knee replacement.
Rehabilitation Physical Therapy is necessary after the knee replacement and often begins after 2-3 days and lasts for several weeks and months. It helps to regain full range of movements in the joints. It helps to strengthen the muscles around the knee which takes part in the activities of daily living.

Cost of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

The cost of total knee replacement surgery treatment can be between ₹ 3,50,000 to ₹ 430,000. The actual price can vary according to the city, hospital, type of implant used, and condition of patient. 

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Cost in Different Cities of India

Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment Cost Cities in India Min in INR Max in INR
Knee Replacement Cost in Bangalore ₹ 1,45,000 ₹ 4,05,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Delhi ₹ 1,10,000 ₹ 4,05,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Mumbai ₹ 1,05,000 ₹ 4,00,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Gurgaon ₹ 1,55,000 ₹ 4,18,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Chennai ₹ 1,25,000 ₹ 4,15,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Hyderabad ₹ 1,65,000 ₹ 4,10,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Pune ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 4,05,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Kolkata ₹ 99,000 ₹ 5,01,000
Knee Replacement Cost in Kochi ₹ 1,25,000 ₹ 4,25,000


Total Knee Replacement Surgery Cost in the Best Hospitals of India

Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment Cost Hospitals in India Starting Cost in INR
Cost of Knee Replacement in Apollo Hospital ₹ 4,94,000
Cost of Knee Replacement in Apollo Hospital Chennai ₹ 4,96,000
Cost of Knee Replacement in Fortis Hospital ₹ 4,11,000
Cost of Knee Replacement in The Medanta ₹ 4,53,000


Symptoms & Risk factors of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

Indications for Total Knee Replacement in India

Here is a list of diseases and conditions for which total knee replacement may be used:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Post-traumatic arthritis
  • Avascular necrosis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Gout
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Hemophilic arthritis
  • Septic arthritis
  • Connective tissue disorders affecting the knee joint
  • Bone dysplasia affecting the knee joint
  • Osteoporosis with severe joint degeneration
  • Tumors affecting the knee joint
  • Failed previous knee surgeries or interventions

Risk Factors Associated with Total Knee Replacement in India

Infections : After any surgery, the risk of infections is high. So proper medications to prevent any infection is necessary.

Blood Clots : Blood clots can develop in the legs and often travel to the heart and lungs that cause severe complications and sometimes death occurs.

Pneumonia : The lack of mobility can cause the infection in lungs. So proper drainage and medications are required to prevent pneumonia.

Displacement of Prosthesis : Sometimes the prosthesis becomes loose and dislocates, which can lead to implant failure. A skillful procedure must be performed otherwise additional surgery is required.

Allergy : In persons who have an allergy to metal, the metal implant can cause swelling, pain, fever and redness.

Damage to Nerve or Blood Vessels : The nerves and vessels sometimes become affected and cause numbness, pain and reduce blood supply to the joint which makes it difficult to heal after knee replacement.

Top Hospitals for Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

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Artemis Hospital Gurgaon Gurgaon,India

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BLK-Max Super Speciality Hospital Delhi New Delhi,India

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Medanta The Medicity Gurgaon Gurgaon,India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Saket Delhi New Delhi,India

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Top Doctors of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

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Dr I.P.S Oberoi

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Dr Ashok Rajgopal Orthopedic Surgeon

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Dr. Ishwar Bohra

Department of Orthopedics


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Dr. S K S Marya

Department of


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Treatments Costs for Knee Replacement Surgery in India

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FAQ's of Knee Replacement Surgery Treatment in India

During the surgery the patient is given general anesthesia and other nerve blockers which prevent feeling in the entire body. Post the operation the pain may last for two weeks and you will be able to do regular activities after 6 weeks of physical therapy.

With new and advanced metals and procedures partial knee replacement surgery which is minimally invasive is the newest procedure for knee replacement.

The completion of a total knee replacement surgery which is a major surgery takes about 3 to 4 hours.

Yes, a total knee replacement surgery is a major one and a person should opt for it only after suggestions from a doctors.

In an ideal situation, with proper physical therapy a patient can bend their knee after a total knee replacement surgery in about 7 to 10 days.

The best age to have a knee replacement surgery is before 50. However, with advanced technology and care giving, the most common age of people opting for the surgery is between the age of 50 to 80.

A patient is required to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days post the operation. After that however, it is imperative that the patient undergoes physical treatment.

There are no disadvantages to a knee replacement but just like any other major surgery, it has certain risks that can be reduced with the right hospital and staff. These risks may include no reduction in pain even after the surgery, blood clotting and others.

For a patient to opt for total knee replacement they will have to be prescribed by a doctor. When the pain becomes too severe for them to do the regular activities and the medications stop working it is prudent to go for a surgery.

Doing physical therapy is extremely important because it is important to recover after the surgery. If a patient does not do the required physical therapy and exercises there is decrease of blood flow which can negatively affect the healing process.