Overview of LVAD Implant Treatment India

When the left ventricle becomes damaged and is not working properly, blood cannot be supplied to the whole body and hence the function of the heart fails. The left ventricle is the lower left portion of the heart which contracts and pumps blood throughout the body. The left ventricle failure is also termed as heart failure. To assist the heart in functioning after left ventricle damage, LVAD is used to compensate for the function of the heart. Left Ventricular Assistive Device implanted in the heart to help the ventricle supply blood to the whole body.

The cost of LVAD Implant in India ranges from ₹ 4,55,000 to ₹ 6,55,000. The treatment of LVAD implants has high success rates in India and is also a cost-effective treatment for patients with heart failure.

Types of LVAD Implant Treatment India

There are many types of LVAD according to the design and implantation method. These are:

  • Centrifugal Flow LVADs
  • Axial Flow LVADs
  • Pulsatile Flow LVADs
  • Total Artificial Heart
  • Implantable LVADs
  • Paracorporeal LVADs

Centrifugal Flow LVADs

These devices use a force of rotation that enhances the flow of blood from the left ventricle into the aorta and to the body. This device is commonly used and is durable. It has the advantage of survival for many years.

Axial Flow LVADs

Axial flow LVADs use a unique mechanism that helps in creating a force to move blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. Unlike centrifugal LVAD they are designed to provide a flow of blood continuously.  

Pulsatile Flow LVADs

Pulsatile flow LVADs are not a commonly used device. The pulsatile flow of LVADs works in the same manner as the natural function of the heart. It uses a unique mechanism to push blood rhythmically just like the heart.

Total Artificial Heart

In cases of severe heart failure, a total artificial heart can be implanted. This device replaces both the left and right ventricular function and provides a complete and permanent solution for the support of blood flow. 

Implantable LVADs

These devices are surgically implanted inside the body. They typically require a more invasive procedure but provide more support to the function of the heart.

Paracorporeal LVADs

These devices are partially implanted and connected externally to a machine. They are often used before the transplantation of the heart.

Procedure of LVAD Implantation

Here is a general overview of the procedure of LVAD Implantation:

Anesthesia: Anesthesia is administered for the comfort of the patient and pain management throughout the procedure.

Surgical Opening: A surgical cut is made in the chest to expose the heart.

Positioning the LVAD: The LVAD is implanted near the heart of the patient. This device consists of a pump that helps the left ventricle which is the primary pumping chamber of the heart in circulating blood. Connections are made between the pump, heart, and major blood vessels.

Linking Components: Tubes are attached to the chambers of the heart and blood vessels that enable blood to flow from the heart into the LVAD pump and then back into the body.

Power source: The LVAD relies on an external power source that is worn outside the body of the patient for functioning and maintaining blood circulation.

Closure of Incision: Once the LVAD is securely in place, the surgical incision is closed by using sutures or staples.

Recovery: The patient is carefully monitored during the recovery phase often within the intensive care unit (ICU). Adjustments to the LVAD settings might be made to ensure maximal performance.

Cost of LVAD Implant Treatment in India

The cost of LVAD Implant in India ranges from ₹ 4,55,000 to ₹ 6,55,000. The cost can vary according to the type of LVAD used in the procedure. It can also vary according to the condition of the patient at the time of surgery.

Cost of LVAD in Different Cities of India Min in INR Max in INR
Delhi ₹ 4,59,000 ₹ 6,53,600
Chennai ₹ 4,60,000 ₹ 6,30,000
Mumbai ₹ 4,55,000 ₹ 6,55,000
Hyderabad ₹ 4,58,000 ₹ 5,99,000
Gurgaon ₹ 4,56,000 ₹ 5,90,000

 

Symptoms & Risk Factors of LVAD Treatment in India

Indications of LVADs Implant

Here are some of the conditions in which LVAD is implanted:

  • End-stage heart failure
  • Bridge to transplant
  • Destination therapy
  • Myocardial recovery support
  • Bridge to candidacy
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) with severe heart failure
  • Intractable angina (chest pain)
  • Cardiomyopathy with functional decline
  • Ventricular arrhythmias unresponsive to medical therapy

Risk factors of LVAD Implantation

Infection

Like other surgeries, there is a risk of infection at the site of LVAD implantation or anywhere in the body.

Bleeding and Hematoma

There is a risk of bleeding during and after the procedure. Sometimes the blood accumulates at the surgical site and can cause severe complications.

Pneumothorax

During implantation, there is a small risk of damage to the lung. Air enters the chest cavity and can cause severe complications.

Allergic Reaction

Some patients may have allergic reactions to the materials used in the left ventricular assistive device.

Blood Vessel Damage

Blood vessels may be damaged during catheter insertion. It can further cause complications of bleeding or hematoma.

Device Malfunction

Sometimes mechanical failure of the LVAD can occur that will require revision surgery for the device replacement or repair.

Organ Dysfunction

LVAD support can impact other organs, such as the kidneys or liver, and lead to dysfunction.

Right Heart Failure

LVAD support may put extra stress on the right side of the heart which can lead to right heart failure. This further increases the intensity of symptoms in the patient.

Arrhythmias

The presence of LVAD can cause irregular heartbeats that can lead to life-threatening situations.

Top Doctors for LVAD Implant in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. Vishal Rastogi

Department of Cardiac Sciences

Additional Director

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Dr. Dhananjay Malankar

Department of Cardiology

Cardiac Surgery

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Dr. Ravi Kumar

Department of Cardiology

Cardiologist

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LVAD Implant Treatment in India

LVAD procedure can provide support to a patients heart for at least 10 years.

A multi-organ failure or hemorrhagic stroke can lead to the death of LVAD patients.

LVADs pump rotates thousands of times in a minute providing continuous blood flow that is non-pulsatile. Due to this circulatory support, LVAD patients do not have measurable blood pressure.

The patient can take shower once the operated site heals and the medical team approves it. A special shower bag should be used the entire time when the patient is in the shower. Place all the ventricular assist device components in the bag.

It is a permanent solution in destination therapy. In simple words, LVAD is a permanent solution for patients who are not candidates for a heart transplant.

The ability to perform exercise improves after LVAD. However, the patient can perform only recommended exercises.

If the LVAD fails, it can result in serious health problems, morbidly, or death.

As soon as LVAD is turned off, the blood circulation diminishes and causes death in minutes. However, if the heart functions to some extent, the patient may live for several days.

The chest compression on LVAD patients can cause several health risks. It can dislodge the LVAD tube in the heart, which can cause serious bleeding.