Overview of Neurological Rehabilitation Treatment India

Neurological rehabilitation is a program in which doctors plan the treatment of a patient with some disorder or injury of the central nervous system. Neurological rehabilitation is important for the improvement of patients as a whole. Almost all diseases of the nervous system can affect the function of the brain and produce symptoms and complications in the whole body. To manage these symptoms and complications of the disease, a healthcare team works in collaboration. This team of healthcare providers may include a neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeon, physical therapist, speech therapist, dietician, and occupational therapist. Each member of the team discusses the important details and needs of the individual patient and plans a treatment according to them. Active participation of patients and family members is an important aspect of neurorehabilitation programs. Neuro rehab program enables the patient to perform the activities of daily living with maximum independence possible and helps to improve the quality of life of patients in various aspects of physical, emotional, and social. In the rehabilitation program, some exercises are prescribed to each patient according to the impairment of functioning. For example, for patients who are unable to walk after a brain attack rehabilitation program is designed to work on the muscles and joints that help the patient walk independently.

Types of Neurological Rehabilitation Treatment India

Some types of neurorehabilitation programs are as follows:

  • Medications 
  • Physical Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Speech Therapy
  • Cognitive Rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
  • Vestibular Rehabilitation
  • Robotic Rehabilitation
  • Aquatic Therapy
  • Music Therapy
  • Virtual Reality Rehabilitation

Medications

Medications are used for the treatment of patients with brain damage. These medicines control the damage to the brain and help to improve the symptoms associated with injury.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy involves the treatment of patients with exercises and techniques to help the patient to perform the activities, to gain strength just like before the disease. It can be used on patients with neurological disorders like brain attack or spinal cord injuries.

Occupational Therapy

In occupational therapy, doctors help the patients to regain the skills that are needed for daily activities like dressing, cooking, and bathing which can be difficult to perform for a patient with neurological injury.

Speech Therapy

For patients who find difficulty in speaking and after brain damage, speech therapy is used to improve communication in such patients.

Cognitive Rehabilitation

This type of treatment helps to improve the cognitive functions of patients after brain damage such as memory, attention, and problem-solving ability.

Vestibular Rehabilitation

This rehabilitation program is used to improve the symptoms of patients related to balance and dizziness. 

Robotic Rehabilitation

In this treatment, robotic devices are used to help the patients regain their ability to move and function. It is mostly used when a patient is paralyzed or has weakness in the legs and arms.

Virtual Reality Rehabilitation

VR is the latest technology that is used to create artificial environments for exercises, especially for patients with brain attacks and those with traumatic brain injuries.

Goals of Neurological Rehabilitation

The goals and purposes of the neurological rehabilitation program include:

Functional Improvement

The main goal of the Neurorehabilitation program is to improve the functional abilities of individuals who are affected by neurological conditions. This may include improvement of mobility, coordination, and daily life skills.

Independence

Neurorehabilitation exercises are specifically designed to help patients regain as much independence as possible. This includes relearning the basic daily activities like dressing, bathing, and cooking.

Cognitive Enhancement

Neurorehabilitation also improves the functioning of patients with cognitive deficits like memory, attention, and critical thinking.

Communication

In some cases, when the speech and language of a patient are compromised, neurorehabilitation concentrates on improving the skills of communication of the patient. It can help patients to express themselves and engage with others.

Pain Management

An important goal is the reduction of pain and discomfort after neurological conditions. This may involve methods such as physical therapy and medication management.

Quality of Life

Neurorehabilitation improves the overall quality of life for patients. This program helps to improve the emotional and psychological well-being of patients and to motivate individuals to live their lives with satisfaction despite their conditions.

Preventing Complications

Neurorehabilitation also includes strategies to prevent complications related to immobility such as pressure sores and muscle contractures.

Social Reintegration

Neurorehabilitation improves the reintegration of individuals into their communities and social circles by increasing their capacity to take part in social activities and relationships.

Providing Education and Support

Rehabilitation programs also provide education and support to both patients and their families or caregivers to empower them to manage the challenges associated with their conditions.

Cost of Neurological Rehabilitation in India

The cost of neurological rehabilitation in India ranges from 1300 USD to 1800 USD. The cost can vary according to the multiple complications of each patient after the disease of the nervous system. The cost can also vary according to the number of treatment sessions required for an individual patient.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Neurological Rehabilitation 1332 USD 1776 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Indications of Neurological Rehabilitation

Some of the conditions in which neurological rehabilitation programs are indicated are as follows:

  • Stroke
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome
  • Vestibular Disorders
  • Neuromuscular Disorders
  • Concussion
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Neurological Complications of Diabetes

Contraindications of Neurorehabilitation

Some of the situations where neurorehabilitation should not be performed are as follows:

Active Infections

Patients who are suffering from infections are not suitable for neurorehabilitation programs. They can participate after the infection is resolved.

Severe Cardiac Conditions

Patients who have serious cardiac issues can collapse during the performance of a rehabilitation program. So they should not participate in such activities.  

Uncontrolled Hypertension

Blood pressure can increase during the stressful activities of rehabilitation. So patients with problems with high blood pressure should only perform light activities.

Seizure Disorders

Some activities of rehabilitation especially the stress activities should not be performed for patients with a history of epilepsy. Because it can trigger seizures.

Severe Cognitive Impairments

Patients who have problems in the thinking process, decision-making, and reasoning should not go for rehabilitation because the active participation of patients is an important part of rehabilitation.

Severe Contractures

In cases of severe muscle contractures, stressful stretching or exercises may lead to muscle or joint injury.

Severe Respiratory Conditions

Patients with severe breathing problems should not perform high-intensity exercises. In some cases, the exercises are performed with precautions.

Psychiatric Disorders

Patients with problems like psychiatric disorders can be difficult to handle during the rehabilitation exercises. In such patients, exercises can be performed but with great care and management.

Allergies or Sensitivities

Allergies or sensitivities of some patients to specific medicines or materials used in rehabilitation programs may require changes in the treatment plan.

Treatment Costs for Neurological Rehabilitation

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FAQ's of Neurological Rehabilitation Treatment in India