Overview of Ovarian Cyst Removal Treatment India

The ovarian cyst is the formation of small tissues inside the ovaries that may be filled with fluid, pus, or can be a solid tissue. The cysts can be present in different sizes. Doctors perform different types of tests to diagnose the condition, determine the types of ovarian cysts, and plan the treatment according to it. Sometimes, ovarian cysts can be cancerous and for this reason, it has to be checked by a skilled medical professional. Treatment of ovarian cysts usually depends on the age of a patient and the type and size of a single cyst. It can also be according to the types of symptoms; an individual patient is experiencing. In some cases, surgery is required to remove the ovarian cyst. The surgery can be performed as a traditional method or it can be performed as a minimally invasive method where small incisions are made to remove the cyst. It has the advantage of faster recovery and fewer scars. It also has some risk factors that should be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle of balanced diet and physical activity. Recovery after surgery can take several weeks and depends on the post-operative care of a patient.

Types of Ovarian Cyst Removal Treatment India

Some of the types of treatment used to treat ovarian cyst are as follow:

  • Watchful Waiting
  • Medication
  • Cystectomy
  • Oophorectomy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Fertility-Sparing Surgery

Watchful Waiting

In cases where the cyst is small and does not cause any symptoms, the doctors do not treat the cyst and observe the ovarian cysts closely by regular monitoring. It is used when the treatment can have more side effects than benefits.

Medication

Some specific types of medications are used to treat the menstrual cycle and prevent the formation of new cysts. These medications can also help reduce the size of cysts by preventing the growth of eggs in the ovary.

Pain Management

Medicines that control pain can also be recommended to decrease the discomfort associated with ovarian cysts. However, these medications do not treat the problem of the ovarian cyst itself but help to manage the symptoms.

Surgical Options

Some of the surgical options are:
Cystectomy: When the ovarian cyst is large and causes severe pain, surgical removal is performed. A cystectomy involves the removal of the cyst while preserving the healthy tissues in the surroundings. 
Oophorectomy: The affected ovary may need to be completely removed when the cyst is too large or when there is a risk of ovarian cancer. This procedure is known as oophorectomy.
Hysterectomy: In some severe cases of ovarian cyst, the surgical procedure of hysterectomy is performed where both ovaries and uterus are removed to treat the condition of a patient. 

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique in which small incisions are made in the abdomen through which a thin tube with a camera is inserted. The surgeon can see the cyst and remove it by using special types of instruments. This approach often results in quicker recovery as compared to traditional open surgery.

Fertility-Sparing Procedures

In cases where preserving fertility is a concern, surgeons may use techniques that remove only the cyst while leaving the healthy ovarian tissue.

Postmenopausal Management

For women with menopause who are at a higher risk of ovarian cancer, some imaging tests and blood tests may be used to examine cysts more closely. Surgical intervention may be recommended if there are structural changes or the tumor is detected.

Diagnosis of Ovarian Cyst Removal Treatment India

Some of the methods to diagnose ovarian cysts are described below:

Medical History

The doctor takes a detailed medical history and asks about the symptoms of the patient to make a diagnosis. For example, a history of irregular periods can help in making a diagnosis.

Physical Exam

The doctor performs a physical examination on the abdomen and pelvic region to feel any lump in the area.

Ultrasound

This is the most common test performed in which sound waves are used to make a clear picture of the ovaries and uterus. It can also tell about the size of the ovarian cyst.

Blood Tests

Sometimes blood tests are performed to find out any abnormality that can be related to ovarian cyst formation.

MRI or CT Scan

In some cases, detailed imaging tests are used like MRI scans and CT scans to provide a clearer picture and to make a confirmed diagnosis of ovarian cyst.

Cost of Ovarian Cyst Removal in India

The cost of ovarian cyst removal in India ranges from 1300 USD to 1800 USD. The cost can vary according to the type of procedure performed to remove the cyst from the ovary. The cost can also vary according to the complication of each patient.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Ovarian Cyst Removal Treatment 1332 USD 1776 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Some of the symptoms of ovarian cysts are as follows:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Painful menstrual periods 
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation or difficulty with bowel movements
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Breast tenderness
  • Back pain
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Unexplained weight gain or loss

Risk Factors for Ovarian Cysts

Some of the risk factors that are associated with ovarian cysts are:

Age

Ovarian cysts can occur at any age but they are more common in women of childbearing age. 

Hormonal Factors

Hormonal imbalances due to the use of some medications and irregular periods can increase the risk of cyst formation.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

There is a risk of ovarian cyst formation in women who have the condition of PCOS.

Endometriosis

Women are at greater risk of ovarian cyst formation when they have lining outside the uterus. 

Pregnancy

Some of the time, ovarian cysts form in the pregnancy but they resolve on their own without any treatment.

Previous Ovarian Cysts

A history of ovarian cysts may increase the risk of ovarian cyst formation in the future.

Obesity

Being overweight can be associated with a higher risk of ovarian cysts.

Early Puberty or Late Menopause

Women who experience puberty at an early age or reach menopause at a later age may have a higher risk of the formation of ovarian cysts.

Smoking

Smoking can increase the risk of ovarian cyst formation. So women who smoke are at greater risk than women who don’t smoke.

Irregular Menstrual Cycles

Ovarian cyst formation risk is higher when there is irregular menstruation occurring in women.

Medications

Some specific medications increase the risk of ovarian cysts. For example, the medicines used to treat breast cancer increase the risk of ovarian cyst formation.

Treatment Costs for Ovarian Cyst Removal

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