Overview of Partial Nephrectomy Treatment India

Partial nephrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove diseased or damaged tissue from a kidney. The healthy tissue is not touched and is left behind in the kidney. The benefit of this procedure is that part of the kidney is spared and functionality is saved. Nephrectomy is performed to treat kidney cancer or to remove a benign tumor. It is also performed to deal with diseased or damaged kidneys. If a donor is required, a urology surgeon will remove a healthy kidney from a donor and transplant it into a patient.

Types of Partial Nephrectomy Treatment India

Before Procedure

If you are taking blood thinners, stop taking those one week before surgery. Tell your doctor about medications and supplements you are taking. There are certain supplements that can increase bleeding and need to be stopped before surgery. Additionally, stop smoking as it reduces the healing process.

It is recommended to avoid eating or drinking anything after midnight before surgery. If asked by a doctor, a patient can take blood pressure medicine with small sips of water. The partial nephrectomy is performed under general anesthesia. Patients will be given medication before surgery and a urinary catheter is also placed. Patients will lie on side or back during surgery, depending on the location of the tumor or damaged tissue.

During the Procedure

Partial nephrectomy can be done in two ways – open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. In open surgery, the incision is made in the abdominal wall to reach the kidney and tumor. In another approach, the ube-like instrument is placed inside the body through small incisions. This approach can also be combined with a surgical robot system. In robotic surgery, the camera and mechanical arms are used as surgical instruments. The doctor sits at a computer console and controls both these arms. Both these techniques are effective. However, the recovery is faster in laparoscopic surgery.

The exact location of the tumor is determined and an incision is made accordingly. In some cases, blood flow to the kidney is stopped during surgery to minimize the chances of blood loss. Once the tumor or damaged tissue is removed, the surgeon will suture the incision and apply medicine. The decision on how much tissue will be removed depends on whether:

01. A tumor is invaded to the kidney

02. Number of tumors

03. Severity of kidney infection

04. Tumor has affected nearby tissue

05. Overall kidney functionality

06. Other diseases affect kidney

This decision is made on the basis of imaging tests, including CT scan, MRI scan and ultrasound.

In case, the tumor has spread in the collecting system of the kidney then the doctor will place a double-J stent. The J-stent makes sure that urine can flow through the urinary system. It will be removed when wounds are healed after several days or weeks.

After the Procedure

After surgery, the urinary catheter tube will be attached for several days. Doctor will give instructions on diet and activities to do. Patients will be advised to avoid heavy lifting or strenuous activity for several weeks.

Diagnosis of Partial Nephrectomy Treatment India

Partial Nephrectomy Purpose

The main reason behind nephrectomy is to remove a tumor from the kidney. Most of the time, these tumors are cancerous and in rare cases, they can be benign (noncancerous). Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kidney cancer in adults which develops in the cells of small tubes in kidneys. However, tumors in the kidney are rare among children. If it develops, then it is a type of cancer known as Wilms tumor. Additionally, it is required to treat other kidney diseases.

People have two kidneys that are located near the upper abdomen and are fist-sized organs. The functionality of kidneys include:

01. Filtering and getting rid of waste products from the body

02. Remove drugs or toxins from the body

03. Maintain overall fluid balance

04. Produce hormones to maintain blood pressure

05. Release vitamin D to promotes healthy bones

06. Influence the production of red blood cells

When the kidney fails to perform normally, the nephrectomy (partial or full) is done.

Kidney Diagnostic Tests

The first step towards kidney disease diagnosis is that the doctor will discuss personal and family history. Doctors will ask questions regarding blood pressure and other changes in urinary habits. However, there are certain procedures and tests required, including:

01. Blood Tests

02. Urine Tests

03. Imaging Tests

04. Removing a sample of Kidney Tissue for Testing

Symptoms and Risk factors

Side Effects of Procedure

Partial nephrectomy success rate is higher and is a safe procedure. But it carries some complications, such as:

01. Infection

02. Bleeding

03. Damage to nearby organs and other serious problems

There are some long-term problems due to reduced kidney functionality. These risks include chronic kidney disease and high blood pressure (hypertension).

Partial Nephrectomy Recovery

Walking is recommended after the surgery to avoid blood clots, pneumonia and other complications. Liquid diet is recommended for the first few days and gradually start with a solid diet. To preserve normal kidney function, patients are advised to stick to a healthy diet and do regular health checkups to monitor kidney functionality. These checkups include:

01. Blood Pressure - A close monitoring of blood pressure is mandatory. This is due to the reason that reduced kidney function can increase blood pressure which can damage the kidney.

02. Protein Urine Levels - The increased protein levels in urine indicates damage or poor kidney function.

03. Waste Filtration - This test is performed with a sample of blood to measure creatinine level. If the filtration rate is reduced, then this indicates decreased kidney functionality.

If a patient has reduced kidney function after partial nephrectomy, then additional lifestyle changes are required including dietary changes and medications.

Top Hospitals for Partial Nephrectomy in India

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Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute Mumbai,India

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Max Multi Speciality Centre Noida Noida,India

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Fortis Malar Hospital Chennai,India

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Fortis Hospital Rajajinagar Bengaluru,India

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Medicana Bahcelievler Hospital Bahçelievler,Turkey

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Top Doctors for Partial Nephrectomy in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr Prakash K C

Department of Nephrology

Consultant

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Dr Rajeev Annigeri

Department of Nephrology

Consultant

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Dr. S Rajagopalan Seshadri

Department of Nephrology

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Dr. Vadamalai Vivek

Department of Nephrology

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Dr. S. Balasubramaniam

Department of Neurology & Nephrology

Consultant

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Treatment Costs for Partial Nephrectomy

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Partial Nephrectomy - Frequently Asked Questions

It is a major operation and is a safe procedure. Your doctor will discuss the risks before surgery.

It offers the benefit of sparing the part of the kidney rather than removing all the kidney.

Patients can resume back certain activities within 4-6 weeks.

The partial nephrectomy is performed under general anesthesia and usually takes 2-3 hours.