Overview of Pituitary Tumor Treatment India

Pituitary glands are the organs present in the brain. When cells in the pituitary gland multiply without any control, a tumor may form in the pituitary gland. Pituitary glands release hormones in the body that are important for the different functions of the body. When tumors form in the pituitary gland, the hormones release in excess amounts and can lead to abnormal functions in the body. Most of the time, pituitary tumors are not cancerous and may grow slowly. Tumors spread inside the pituitary and do not create complications outside the gland. The treatment of pituitary usually depends on the type of tumor and the suitability of each patient. Sometimes, no treatment is required and doctors only monitor the tumor regularly to see the nature of tumor cells, and sometimes combinations of treatments are used to treat the condition of a patient. Pituitary tumors can produce different symptoms for each patient. The cause of the tumors formed in the pituitary is not known clearly but it can happen due to genetic factors. Pituitary tumors can also cause many complications if the tumor spreads and compresses the tissues in the surroundings. For such types of pituitary tumors, surgical removal of the whole or part of the tumor is important to manage the complications of the patient.

Types of Pituitary Tumor Treatment India

Some of the types of treatments for pituitary tumors are as follows:

  • Observation
  • Medications
  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Hormone Replacement
  • Combination Therapy

Observation

When the pituitary tumors are very small and do not grow rapidly, doctors only observe the tumor regularly and do not treat the tumor. They are monitored regularly to ensure they are not growing or causing symptoms.

Medications

Medications are used to treat pituitary tumors when they produce symptoms in the body by releasing hormones in excess quantity. These medications control the symptoms and may help to regulate the hormones in the body.

Surgery

Surgical removal of the tumor is a common treatment and is often used when treatment is not possible with medications. Surgery is performed through a minimally invasive procedure which improves the recovery.

Radiation Therapy

When the tumor cannot be completely removed surgically or if it grows again after surgery, radiation therapy is used to treat the tumor. In radiation therapy, high-energy radiation is used to destroy the tumor cells.

Hormone Replacement

After surgery, pituitary hormones are not released in the body for their normal functions. In this case, some medications are given to the patient which provide an adequate amount of these hormones.

Combination Therapy

In some cases, different treatments are used at the same time to treat the tumor cells more effectively. For example, radiation therapy is used in combination with medications to treat pituitary tumors in patients.

Diagnosis of Pituitary Tumor Treatment India

Some of the methods of diagnosing pituitary tumors are as follows:

Medical History and Physical Examination

The healthcare provider takes a detailed medical history of symptoms of the disease and any risk factors. A physical examination is performed by the specialist in which different signs can help the doctor in diagnosing the disease.

Hormone Testing

Blood tests are performed to check the level of hormones in the blood that are only produced by the pituitary gland. The abnormal levels of these hormones in blood can help diagnose the condition of a patient.

Imaging Studies

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): MRI is the imaging technique that provides a detailed picture of a tumor present in the pituitary gland. It also provides information on the size and exact location of the tumor.
CT (Computed Tomography) Scan: CT scans may be used in patients when MRI scans are not possible or not suitable for an individual patient.

Visual Field Testing

Visual field testing is performed to check the involvement of the part of the brain that can disrupt the field of vision in patients. It usually happens when a tumor compresses the structures in the brain.

Endocrine Stimulation Tests

In some cases, specialized tests may be required to trigger the release of hormones and assess the functioning of the pituitary gland more accurately.

Biopsy

When diagnosis is doubtful, a biopsy test is performed to confirm the diagnosis of the patient. In biopsy tests, tissue samples are taken from the tumor to examine under laboratory conditions which can help to confirm the presence of cancer cells in the tumor. This test also provides information about the nature of tumor cells and the speed of their abnormal growth.

Cost of Pituitary Tumor Treatment in India

The cost of pituitary tumor treatment in India ranges from 2000 USD to 4600 USD. The cost can vary according to the condition of an individual patient. The cost can also vary according to the type of treatment used for the pituitary tumors.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Pituitary Tumor Treatment 3463 USD 4617 USD
Radiotherapy 2237 USD 2983 USD
Stereotactic Radiosurgery 3410 USD 4546 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Some of the symptoms of tumors present in the pituitary gland are as follows:

  • Headache
  • Vision Changes
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Mood Changes
  • Weight Gain
  • Memory Problems
  • Changes in Menstrual Periods
  • Breast Milk Production 
  • Growth of Hands and Feet 
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Increased Thirst and Urination
  • Skin Changes
  • Infertility
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Irregular Heartbeat

Risk Factors of Pituitary Tumors

Some of the risk factors of pituitary tumors are described below:

Gender

Some specific types of tumors that are present in the pituitary gland are more common in women than in men. So the female population is at risk of developing pituitary tumors.

Age

Pituitary tumors are more commonly present in older adults so the risk of developing pituitary tumors increases as the age of a person increases.

Family History

Some genetic factors can be associated with pituitary tumors. Families in which these genetic factors are present are at more risk of developing pituitary tumors.

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1)

Individuals who have the MEN1 type of genes present in their DNA are at risk of developing multiple tumors in the body which also includes pituitary tumors.

Radiation Exposure

Long-term exposure to high-energy radiation can increase the risk of tumor formation in the pituitary gland. 

Certain Genetic Syndromes

Some types of diseases that occur due to the changes in the genes can lower the immunity of patients and increase the risk of tumor formation.

Treatment Costs for Pituitary Tumor

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