Overview of Retinal Detachment Treatment India

Retinal Detachment is a situation in which the retina in the eye detaches from its original place. It is an emergency in which surgery is required. In this situation, the blood supply to the retina is cut off and it may lead to permanent blindness if not treated quickly. Retinal detachment is asymptomatic most of the time but it shows some signs or warnings before retinal detachment occurs. There are three types of retinal detachment. Each type has a different situation in which the retinal layer is detached from its place. Different types of risks increase the chances of retinal detachment. Retinal detachment may not be shown at the start. In this situation, doctors ask the patient to follow up to monitor the situation of the retina. It helps to diagnose this alarming situation. There are also different types of treatments used for retinal detachment and each type of treatment is used according to the situation of the retina at the time of diagnosis. Retinal detachment can severely reduce the quality of life of patients. Patients need extra care and support to cope with the disease. Patients are asked to brighten up their homes so they can perform activities of daily living with possible independence.

Types of Retinal Detachment Treatment India

Some of the types of treatments used for retinal detachment are as follows:

  • Scleral Buckling
  • Vitrectomy
  • Pneumatic Retinopexy
  • Laser Photocoagulation
  • Cryopexy

Scleral Buckling

The surgical procedure of scleral buckling involves placing a silicone band or buckle around the eye to push the detached retina back into place. It is often used for certain types of retinal detachments because it may not be suitable for every patient with retinal detachment.


In a vitrectomy, the eye surgeon removes the vitreous gel inside the eye and replaces it with a gas or silicone oil bubble. This helps to reattach the retina. The bubble gradually dissipates after some time.

Pneumatic Retinopexy

The procedure of pneumatic retinopexy involves injecting a gas bubble into the eye. The patient then needs to maintain a specific head position to help the gas bubble push the detached retina back into place.

Laser Photocoagulation

Some small retinal tears can be treated with laser therapy. The laser creates scar tissue that seals the tear and prevents further detachment.


Similar to laser photocoagulation, the cryopexy procedure uses freezing to create a scar tissue that seals the retinal tear.

Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment Treatment India

Some of the diagnostic methods used for retinal detachment are:

Medical History Assessment

The eye specialist takes a detailed medical history. This includes information about any prior eye conditions, surgeries, injuries, and a family history of retinal issues.

Visual Clarity Examination

In this test, the patient is asked to read from an eye chart to determine the clarity of the vision. This helps assess the level of impairment of the vision.

Examination with a Slit Lamp

The doctor utilizes a specialized microscope called a slit lamp to inspect the front and interior structures of the eye of the patient. It also includes the retina and the gel-like vitreous.

Retinal Evaluation with an Ophthalmoscope

An ophthalmoscope is used to inspect the back of the eye, including the retina. Sometimes, the pupils may be dilated with eye drops to increase visibility.

Ultrasound Imaging

When the retina is not visible due to factors like bleeding, ultrasound imaging may be performed to visualize the retina and to assess the extent of detachment.

Fluorescein Angiography

In this procedure, a special dye is injected into a vein in the arm, and photographs of the retina are taken as the dye circulates through the blood vessels. This helps in identifying any irregularities in blood flow.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

OCT is a non-invasive imaging method that provides detailed cross-sectional images of the retina. It helps to assess retinal thickness and condition.

Visual Field Assessment

This test evaluates the vision of the patient from side to side. A visual field abnormality may indicate the presence of retinal detachment.

Cost of Retinal Detachment Treatment in India

The cost of retinal detachment in India ranges from 500 USD to 800 USD. The cost can vary according to the situation of an individual patient. The cost can also vary according to the procedure used in the treatment of retinal detachment.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Retinal Detachment Surgery 532 USD 710 USD 

Symptoms and Risk factors

Some of the symptoms of retinal detachment may include the following:

  • Spots or thread-like shadows in the vision
  • Flashing lights
  • Blurred vision
  • Reduced peripheral vision
  • Shadow or curtain-like vision loss
  • Sudden onset of visual disturbances
  • Seeing a dark "curtain" across your vision
  • Wavy or distorted vision
  • Vision that resembles a cobweb or hairnet
  • Loss of central vision
  • Straight lines appear curved
  • Difficulty reading or recognizing faces
  • Eye pain
  • Redness in the eye
  • Excessive tearing
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Changes in the size and shape of objects viewed

Risk Factors of Retinal Detachment

Some of the risks that are associated with retinal detachment are described below:


The risk of retinal detachment increases with age, especially after the age of 50.

Previous Retinal Detachment

If a patient has a history of retinal detachment in one eye, the other may be at higher risk.

Family History

A family history of retinal detachment can increase the risk.

Eye Trauma

Any injury to the eye, blunt trauma, or accident can also cause retinal detachment.


People with eyesight issues are at higher risk. The risk is higher in patients who have difficulty seeing objects in distance but can see the objects clearly in the near.

Cataract Surgery

Patients who are previously diagnosed with cataracts and have had surgery are at risk of retinal detachment.

Retinal Tears or Holes

The previous retinal tears or holes can increase the risk of detachment.

Eye Tumors

Tumors in or around the eye may lead to detachment of the retina.

Thin Retina

Some people have thinner layers of retina than normal. Such people. The risk of retinal detachment Is higher.


Diabetes affects the nerves that supply the eye which can lead to various complications of the eye such as cataracts and retinal detachment.

Previous Eye Infections

Infections can sometimes lead to retinal issues which also involve retinal detachment.

High Blood Pressure

Patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure are also at risk of eye issues which also include retinal detachment.

Treatment Costs for Retinal Detachment

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FAQ's of Retinal Detachment Treatment in India