Overview of Sarcoma Treatment India

Sarcoma is a type of cancer that can occur in any part of the body. Sarcoma is a disorder that usually occurs in soft tissues of the body which may include bones, blood vessels, connective tissues, fats, and tissues around the joints. Sarcoma cancer can occur in seventy different types and each sarcoma treatment depends on the location, structure, and other factors. The symptoms of sarcoma also depend on the location of or structure of the body which is involved in the disease. The exact cause of sarcoma is not known but it usually occurs due to genetic factors and changes of DNA sarcoma can also occur due to various reasons. Some risk factors can increase the chances of development of sarcoma in the body. The exact diagnosis of sarcoma helps in the planning of treatment of an individual patient because each patient presents with different symptoms according to the type of sarcoma. The survival rate after sarcoma depends on the severity of the disease at the time of diagnosis but mostly sarcoma can be treated with a combination of treatments that increases the chances of recovery and the complete cure of the disease.

Types of Sarcoma Treatment India

Some of the types of treatments used for the Sarcoma are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Target drug therapy
  • Immunotherapy 
  • Ablation therapy

Surgery

The sarcoma can be treated with surgical removal of the tissue in which sarcoma occurs. In some severe cases, the part of the leg and arm can be removed completely to prevent the spread of sarcomas in the whole body.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to target and destroy cancer cells. It is commonly used before or after the surgery in combination with treatments to increase the efficiency of treatment.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells by limiting their growth. Chemotherapy treatment is usually used in the severe type of cancers along with other treatment options.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy drugs are used which specifically target certain proteins involved in the growth of cancer. These therapies are more common in the treatment of specific types of sarcoma.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy drugs or medications strengthen the natural immune system of the body which recognizes and attacks cancer cells. This treatment can be used in the early stages of cancer to check the response of patients.

Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapy

Some patients are treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy before or after the surgery to improve outcomes of results and also to reduce the risk of recurrence of cancer.

Ablation Therapy

In this treatment, electricity is used to damage the cancer cells by heating, or cold temperatures are used to freeze the cancer cells to death.

Diagnosis of Sarcoma Treatment India

The procedures for the diagnosis of sarcoma are described below:

Imaging Tests

The doctor may perform some imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound. These tests can help to examine the suspected tumor and its location.

Biopsy

A confirmed diagnosis of sarcoma usually requires a biopsy test. During a biopsy, a small sample of the tumor tissue is removed and the tissue is then examined in the laboratory setting to determine the presence of cancer cells and to identify the type of sarcoma.

Histological Analysis

The healthcare professional analyzes the sample of tissue which may include the type of cells present, their appearance, and the nature of cells. This information helps to determine the specific type of sarcoma.

Additional Tests

Depending on the type and stage of sarcoma, additional tests such as blood tests, bone scans, or PET scans may be performed to assess the overall health of the patient and the extent of the disease.

Genetic Testing

In some cases, genetic testing may also be performed to find out the specific genetic changes that are associated with sarcoma. It also helps to plan treatment for each patient.

Cost of Sarcoma Treatment in India

The cost of sarcoma treatment in India ranges from 700 USD to 2800 USD. The cost can also vary according to the type of treatment used for each patient. It can also vary according to the structure involved in sarcoma cancer.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Soft Tissue Sarcoma Treatment 639 USD 2800 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

The symptoms of sarcoma depend on the location or structure involved in the body. Some of the symptoms of sarcoma are as follows:

  • Swelling or lump in soft tissues or bones
  • Pain or tenderness at the tumor site
  • Limited range of motion in nearby joints
  • Muscle weakness or numbness
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Night sweats
  • Fever
  • Bone fractures without any injury
  • Skin changes over the tumor area
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing 
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort 
  • Bowel or urinary changes 
  • Neurological symptoms
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Bleeding or ulceration at the tumor site
  • Anemia
  • Constipation or bowel obstruction
  • Swelling or pain in the arms or legs 
  • Changes in vision or eye discomfort

Risk Factors of Sarcoma

Some of the risk factors of sarcoma are:

Age

Sarcoma can occur at any age group but it is more common in younger people. Some types of sarcoma are also present in children.

Genes

The genetic factors present in the families are the greater risk of developing sarcomas.

Radiation

If the radiation treatment is used for another medical condition of a patient, it can also increase the risk of developing sarcoma later.

Chemicals

Exposure to certain chemicals in industries, like the chemicals used in plastics can also increase the chances of sarcoma.

Inherited Changes

Some special changes in the genes are more prone to cause sarcoma. So people with a family history of sarcomas are at greater risk.

Gender

Sarcoma can affect both men and women but some specific types of sarcoma are more common in one gender.

Medical Conditions

Certain health problems like the disease of bones present in children can increase the risk of sarcoma development.

Family History

People who have close family members diagnosed with sarcoma are at greater risk of developing the disease. It may occur due to the genetic changes that run in the generations of a family.

Treatment Costs for Sarcoma

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FAQ's of Sarcoma Treatment in India