Overview of Spine Surgery Treatment in India

When the spine is affected by injury, degenerative disease, or excessive forces, its normal movements can be hindered. In such cases, surgical procedures are carried out to restore the function of the spine. Problems related to spine functionality may include restricted motion, severe pain caused by nerve root involvement, and numbness. Different types of spine surgeries, such as disc replacement, decompression, laminectomy, or spinal fusion, are performed based on the individual's specific needs.

The cost of spine surgery treatment in India ranges from ₹ 1,00,000 to ₹ 6,50,000. Factors affecting the cost may include admission fees, the skill of the surgeon, the age and condition of the patient, the type of surgery, medical conditions, complications, and diagnostic tests. The rehabilitation after spine surgery is necessary for recovery and may cost ₹ 600 to ₹ 1200 per session.

Types of Spine Surgery Treatment in India

The types of spine surgeries that are used for various diseases are as follows:

  • Laminectomy
  • Spinal Fusion
  • Discectomy
  • Artificial Disc Replacement
  • Foraminotomy
  • Spinal Decompression
  • Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant
  • Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty
  • Microdiscectomy
  • Spinal Tumor Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS) 
  • Robotic Spine Surgery


It is a surgical procedure in which the lamina or body of the bone spine is removed to relieve the pressure from nerves and the spinal cord. In this surgery, the space is created in the spinal canal for the nerves. It is commonly used to treat conditions like spinal stenosis and herniated discs.

Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion is a procedure used in spine surgery. It is performed when the spine is unstable. In this surgery, the two bones of the spine are fused to provide more stability to the spine. It offers great support but allows very little mobility.


In this type of spine surgery, the damaged part of the disc or the herniated disc is removed which causes pressure on nerves present in the surroundings. The removal of disc relieves the pressure on nerves and helps to reduce the symptoms of pain.

Artificial Disc Replacement

In artificial disc replacement surgery, a damaged disc in the spine is replaced with an artificial one to maintain natural mobility and relieve the symptoms of pain. This is mostly performed in younger patients to increase the quality of life.


In the surgical procedure of foraminotomy, the surgeon widens the opening in vertebrae to relieve pressure on nerves due to conditions in which the opening becomes extremely narrow and causes pressure on nerves.

Spinal Decompression

In decompression surgery, the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves due to any reason is relieved to reduce the associated symptoms. The discectomy and foraminotomy are also spinal decompression procedures.

Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant

This is a minimally invasive procedure in which a device is implanted near the spine to send electrical pulses that help to reduce the signals of pain. This treatment is often used for chronic back or leg pain and is suitable for patients for whom the other surgical treatments are not suitable for some reason.

Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Both these procedures involve injecting a cement-like substance into fractured vertebrae to provide stability to the spine and to relieve pain. These procedures are most commonly used for spinal compression fractures.


It is a type of minimally invasive procedure in which a herniated disc is removed to relieve nerve pressure. This procedure is performed with small incisions with the advantage of faster recovery.

Spinal Tumor Surgery

Spinal tumor surgery is performed when tumors develop in or around the spine. When the tumor is present in the spine, it can cause pressure on the spinal cord and nerves so it requires surgery to remove the tumors and to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)

It is an advanced approach that uses small incisions and specialized instruments to reduce the damage to surrounding tissues during the surgical procedure of the spine. It has the advantage of faster recovery and fewer complications and post-surgical risks.

Robotic Spine Surgery

This is an advanced type of technique that combines robotics with the skills of surgeons. The healthcare provider uses a robotic system that helps in surgical procedures for greater precision and accuracy.

Cost & Diagnosis of Spine Surgery Treatment in India

The Role of Rehabilitation after Spine Surgery

Physical therapy plays an important role in the recovery process after spinal surgery. It is a specialized and structured approach to help patients regain their physical function, mobility, and strength. A skilled physical therapist assesses the condition of the patient and then forms an individualized rehabilitation plan, and guides them through exercises and movements that are safe and effective for their specific surgery. Physical therapy may start shortly after surgery, and the therapist works closely with the patient to address pain management, muscle strengthening, flexibility, and posture correction. This therapeutic approach is vital for preventing complications, such as muscle atrophy or joint stiffness, and helps to promote a quicker return to daily activities. The therapist educates patients about body mechanics, safe movement patterns, and exercises to improve their overall quality of life after spine surgery.

Importance of Rehabilitation after Spine Surgery

Restore Functional Abilities: Spine surgery may temporarily limit the mobility and physical capabilities of the patient. Rehabilitation plays a role in helping the patients regain their strength, flexibility, and range of motion. It provides a quicker return to their normal daily activities.

Effective Pain Management: Postoperative pain and discomfort are common concerns. Rehabilitation programs also have many pain management techniques in which exercises and strategies to alleviate pain are used for the healing process.

Prevent Muscle Weakness: Immobility after spinal surgery can lead to muscle weakness and wasting of bulk. Rehabilitation helps to preserve muscle mass and promote spinal stability. 

Risk Reduction: Patients who engage in rehabilitation are less prone to developing postoperative complications such as blood clots, pressure sores, or joint stiffness. These programs focus on maintaining mobility and reducing the chances of complications after surgery.

Improved Quality of Life: Rehabilitation helps patients to return to work, hobbies, and social interactions without pain which ultimately helps to enhance the overall quality of life of patients.

Education and Awareness: Rehabilitation programs also educate patients on proper body mechanics, safe lifting techniques, and maintaining good posture. This knowledge helps individuals to protect their spine and reduce the risk of future injuries.

Psychological support: Recovery can be emotionally challenging for some patients. Rehabilitation offers psychological support to help patients manage their feelings during the whole process of recovery.

Personalized Care: Rehabilitation programs involve treatments and exercises that are specifically designed to help the patient according to the type of surgery. The individualized treatment can help the patient to gain mobility in the area of injury. 

Preventing Recurrence: For some specific diseases like herniated discs or spinal stenosis, rehabilitation can help to prevent the recurrence of symptoms. These can help for the long-term success of the surgical intervention.

Faster Recovery: Engaging in rehabilitation speeds up the recovery process which allows the patients to return to their daily lives, work, and activities faster. The rehabilitation improves circulation in the area of surgery which promotes healing and recovery.

Cost of Spine Surgery Treatment in India

The cost of spine surgery treatment in India ranges from ₹ 1,00,000 to ₹ 6,50,000. The cost is different for different procedures of spinal surgeries. The cost can also vary in complicated cases in which patients have other medical conditions like kidney disease or heart disease.

Spine Surgery Treatment Cost in India Min in INR Max in INR
Laminoplasty ₹ 1,50,000 ₹ 2,02,000
Scoliosis Spine Surgery ₹ 4,83,000 ₹ 6,45,000
Spine Decompression Surgery ₹ 1,94,000 ₹ 2,60,000
Prolapsed Disc ₹ 1,33,200 ₹ 1,72,000
Lumbar Laminectomy ₹ 1,63,000 ₹ 2,19,000
Spinal Fusion Surgery ₹ 3,28,000 ₹ 4,39,000
Cervical Spine Surgery ₹ 3,05,000 ₹ 4,10,000
Disc Herniation ₹ 2,39,000 ₹ 3,20,000
Cervical Spondylosis ₹ 4,40,000 ₹ 5,88,000
Anterior Cervical Discectomy ₹ 2,34,000 ₹ 3,14,000
Kyphoplasty ₹ 1,81,000 ₹ 2,43,000
Cervical Corpectomy ₹ 2,70,000 ₹ 3,61,000


City Wise Spine Surgery Treatment Cost in India

Cost of Spine Surgery Treatment in different cities of India Min in INR Max in INR
Bangalore ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 2,65,000
Delhi ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 5,45,000
Mumbai ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 4,50,000
Gurgaon ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 2,65,000
Chennai ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 2,45,000
Hyderabad ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 2,00,000
Pune ₹ 1,00,000 ₹ 2,40,000


Symptoms & Risk Factors of Spine Surgery Treatment

The conditions in which the spine surgeries are performed are listed below:

  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Herniated Disc
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Scoliosis
  • Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Foraminal Stenosis
  • Chronic Back Pain
  • Compression Fractures
  • Spinal Tumors
  • Spinal Trauma
  • Spinal Instability
  • Osteoarthritis of the Spine
  • Spinal Infections
  • Spinal Deformities
  • Sciatica
  • Spinal Cord Compression
  • Radiculopathy
  • Failed Back Surgery Syndrome
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Spinal Nerve Impingement
  • Kyphosis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Spinal Fractures
  • Spinal Cysts
  • Osteoporotic Fractures
  • Discogenic Pain
  • Facet Joint Arthritis
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
  • Cervical Radiculopathy
  • Lumbar Radiculopathy

Risk Factors of Spine Surgery Treatment

The risks that are associated with spine surgery treatment are described below:

Infection at the surgical site

After spine surgery, there is a risk of developing an infection at the site of the surgical area. The infection can cause severe complications like poor wound healing and fluid buildup.

Bleeding or hematoma

Excessive bleeding can occur during or after the surgical procedure of the spine. The complications can lead to loss of blood which can be a life-threatening situation and may require additional treatment.

Nerve damage

Sometimes, the surgery can lead to the injury or trauma of nerves which can cause severe impairment in sensations and movements and may lead to weakness, numbness, or tingling in specific areas of the body.

Anesthesia-related complications

The administration of anesthesia has also risks for many sensitive patients. These patients can experience symptoms like allergic reactions, breathing problems, or adverse responses to medications that are used during the surgery.

Blood clots

Surgery increases the risk of blood clot formation. The immobility after surgical treatment can cause the formation of blood clots in the legs which can later travel to the lungs and can cause death. 

Allergic reactions

Some patients may experience allergic reactions to medications or materials used during the surgical procedures of the spine. However, this complication occurs only in some patients.

Hardware failure

In the cases of spinal fusion or implant surgeries, there is a risk of hardware failure that is used in the surgery. These may include screws, rods, or other implanted devices that can dislodge or fail to provide stability to the spine.

Poor wound healing

Complications like delayed wound healing or damage to the structures may develop after surgery which may require further medical management.

Adverse reactions to bone graft material

In cases where bone graft material is used in spinal fusion procedures, some patients may have adverse reactions or difficulties due to the foreign material of grafts.

Postoperative pain and discomfort

After surgery, patients may experience pain or discomfort, which can be managed effectively with some medications and appropriate pain management strategies.

Scar tissue formation

Surgical interventions can lead to the formation of scar tissue which may compress nerves and give rise to pain. This occurs due to poor technique used in the surgery.

Graft site pain

Some individuals may experience pain at the location from which bone graft material is obtained. The pain can limit the activities of daily living of the patient.

Complications related to pre-existing medical conditions

Patients who have other medical conditions like heart disease, kidney disease, hypertension, and diabetes can experience some complications during or after the surgery of the spine.

Failure to alleviate symptoms

There are instances where surgery may not achieve the intended relief of the patient's symptoms or the desired treatment outcome.

Need for revision surgery

In cases where complications or symptoms reappear after some time and the surgery fails to relieve pressure on the nerves, another revision surgery may be required.


This term refers to the absence of successful fusion between vertebrae in spinal fusion surgery that may also need additional medical intervention.

Adjacent segment degeneration

Occasionally, the spinal segments located above or below a fusion site may develop problems that can lead to a condition known as adjacent segment degeneration.


In spinal fusion surgery, non-union can occur when the vertebrae fail to fuse as intended.

Postoperative scarring or adhesions

The development of postoperative scarring or adhesions may result in pain and reduced mobility in the area of surgery. This complication can also occur due to poor wound healing.

Top Hospitals for Spine Surgery Treatment in India

Shaping the future of the healthcare institution and establishing the path to accomplishment.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute Mumbai,India

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Fortis S L Raheja Hospital Mahim, Mumbai,India

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Fortis Escorts Hospital, Amritsar Amritsar,India

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Columbia Asia Hospital – Palam Vihar Gurugram,India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh Delhi New Delhi,India

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Top Doctors for Spine Surgery Treatment in India

Empower your Health with the Expertise of Leading Medical Professionals.

Dr. Sandeep Vaishya

Department of NeuroSurgery

Executive Director

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Dr Rana Patir Neuro and Spine Surgeon

Department of NeuroSurgery & Neuro and Spine Surgery


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Dr. Hitesh Garg Spine Surgeon

Department of Spine Disorder

Senior Consultant

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Dr. Thomas Kishen

Department of Orthopedics


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Dr. Puneet Girdhar

Department of Spine


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FAQ's of Spine Surgery Treatment in India

Spine surgery can have many risks and complications such as blood clot formation, allergic reactions to medications, graft failure, scar tissue formation, pain, discomfort, non-union, infection, and damage to structures in surroundings.

spinal surgeries are performed in the following conditions: Spinal Stenosis Herniated Disc Spondylolisthesis Scoliosis Degenerative Disc Disease Foraminal Stenosis Chronic Back Pain Compression Fractures Spinal Tumors Spinal Trauma Spinal Instability Osteoarthritis of the Spine

Rehabilitation is important after spine surgery for wound healing, regaining functional ability, pain management, prevention of muscle weakness, and improving the quality of life of the patient.

Some common types of surgeries that are performed on the spine are as follows: Laminectomy Spinal Fusion Discectomy Artificial Disc Replacement Foraminotomy Spinal Decompression Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant