Overview of Whipple Surgery Treatment India

Whipple surgery is a procedure in which the part of the pancreas, small intestine, and bile duct is removed. This surgical procedure is most commonly used for the treatment of pancreatic cancer that has spread to the structures in surroundings but it can also be used for other conditions of the pancreas. Whipple surgery is a very complicated procedure and only highly skilled healthcare professionals perform this with a specialized team. Whipple surgery has many risks that can occur during or after the procedure. These risk factors should be prevented to avoid any complications of the condition of the patient. Whipple surgery can be performed as a traditional open surgery or it can be performed by minimally invasive procedure. The minimally invasive procedure has the advantage of speedy recovery and fewer complications like bleeding. The recovery after Whipple surgery usually depends on the condition of the patient and the presence of other medical conditions other than pancreatic cancer. Normally patients can perform normal activities of daily living after 4 to 6 weeks of surgery but it can vary from patient to patient.

Types of Whipple Surgery Treatment India

Some of the types of Whipple surgery are as follows:

  • Traditional Whipple surgery
  • Laparoscopic Whipple surgery
  • Robotic Whipple surgery

Traditional Whipple Surgery

Traditional Whipple surgery is an approach where a large incision is made in the abdominal area to access the pancreas and surrounding structures. It provides direct access to the surgical site and surgeons usually use this approach in complicated patients. Traditional Whipple surgery requires a longer time for recovery.

Laparoscopic Whipple Surgery (Minimally Invasive)

In Laparoscopic Whipple surgery, small incisions are made in the abdomen, and with the help of some specialized instruments, the surgeon removes the structures with the guidance of a camera. Laparoscopic surgery has the advantage of speedy recovery and fewer complications but it may not be suitable for all patients or complex cases.

Robotic Whipple Surgery

Robotic Whipple surgery uses a surgical robot system in which the surgeon controls surgical instruments with the help of robotic arms and a camera. This procedure provides more accuracy and better vision to the surgeon with fewer chances of human mistakes. However, it is an expensive surgery and requires special instruments that may not be available in every hospital.

Procedure of Whipple Surgery

The general overview of the procedure of Whipple surgery is described below:

Anesthesia: The anesthesia is administered to the patient to reduce the feelings of pain and discomfort during the procedure.

Incision: The surgeon made a large incision in the upper abdomen or made small incisions according to the type of surgery. The surgeon has access to the structures through this incision.

Disconnecting the Stomach: The first step involves disconnecting the stomach from the upper part of the small intestine. 

Pancreatic Head and Duodenum Removal: The surgeon removes the head of the pancreas, the first part of the small intestine, and often a portion of the common bile duct.

Reconstruction: After removal, the surgeon reconstructs the digestive system by connecting the remaining pancreas, bile duct, and stomach. This is typically done by using a variety of surgical techniques that usually depend on the specific patient.

Closure: The surgeon closes the incision with the help of sutures and dressings are applied with medications to reduce the chances of infection.

Cost of Whipple Surgery in India

The cost of Whipple surgery in India ranges from 3196 USD to 4300 USD. The cost can vary according to the condition of each patient at the time of surgery. The cost can also vary according to the skill of a surgeon and the experience in performing Whipple procedures.

Treatment Costs in India Min in USD Max in USD
Whipple Surgery 3196 USD 4262 USD

Symptoms and Risk factors

Indications of Whipple Surgery

Some of the conditions where Whipple surgery is performed are:

  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Ampullary Cancer
  • Bile Duct Cancer
  • Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Duodenal Cancer
  • Islet Cell Tumors
  • Choledochal Cysts
  • Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms (IPMN)
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST)
  • Annular Pancreas
  • Traumatic Injury to the Pancreas
  • Recurrent Bile Duct Stones
  • Duodenal Diverticulum Complications
  • Non-functional Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Refractory Peptic Ulcers

Risk Factors of Whipple Surgery

Some of the risk factors of Whipple surgery are described below:

Infection

There is a risk of infection during or after the procedure. It can cause complications in the recovery of patients.

Bleeding

The Whipple surgery is a complex procedure so there are chances of bleeding after the surgery that may require other treatments to manage the complication.

Leakage

There is a risk of leakage from the structures after the surgery which can lead to infection and other complications.

Pancreatic Fistula

A pancreatic fistula is an abnormal opening between the pancreas and other structures or the wall of the abdomen. It can result in the leakage of fluids inside the pancreas which may require additional treatment.

Indigestion

Some patients may feel nausea and vomiting due to a disturbance in digestion of the patient.

Bile Duct Injury

Damage to the bile duct during surgery can lead to bile leakage or obstruction, requiring further intervention. 

Digestive Problems

After Whipple surgery, patients may experience difficulties with digestion and absorption of food which can lead to weakness.

Diabetes

The surgery can affect the functioning of the pancreas which can lead to abnormal levels of sugar in the blood. This can cause diabetes in patients.

Weight Loss

Many patients experience weight loss after Whipple surgery due to changes in digestion.

Blood Clots

The Whipple procedure demands bed rest after the surgery for some days. Due to the immobility of patients, there is a risk of formation of blood clots that can create life-threatening situations for a patient.

Wound Complications

Surgical incisions may develop complications such as infection, poor healing, or hernias.

Anesthesia Risks

The anesthesia carries its own set of risks including adverse reactions and complications.

Mortality

Whipple surgery is a complex procedure and it has a risk of mortality. However, the risk is higher in patients with some already existing medical conditions.

Treatment Costs for Whipple Surgery

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FAQ's of Whipple Surgery Treatment in India